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BACKGROUND Anderson-Fabry disease (AFD) is a rare but underdiagnosed intracellular lipid disorder that can cause left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Lipid is known to shorten the magnetic resonance imaging parameter T1. We hypothesized that noncontrast T1 mapping by cardiovascular magnetic resonance would provide a novel and useful measure in this disease(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of the contrast "bolus only" T1 mapping cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) technique for measuring myocardial extracellular volume fraction (ECV). BACKGROUND Myocardial ECV can be measured with T1 mapping before and after contrast agent if the contrast agent distribution between blood/myocardium(More)
BACKGROUND The amyloid fibril deposits that cause systemic amyloidosis always contain the nonfibrillar normal plasma protein, serum amyloid P component (SAP). The drug (R)-1-[6-[(R)-2-carboxy-pyrrolidin-1-yl]-6-oxo-hexanoyl]pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid (CPHPC) efficiently depletes SAP from the plasma but leaves some SAP in amyloid deposits that can be(More)
PURPOSE To investigate cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging measurements of extracellular volume (ECV) and total cell volume in immunoglobulin light-chain amyloidosis (AL) and transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTR) in order to evaluate the amyloid and myocyte volumes. MATERIALS AND METHODS All ethics were approved, and participants provided written informed(More)
OBJECTIVES The aims of the study were to explore the ability of native myocardial T1 mapping by cardiac magnetic resonance to: 1) detect cardiac involvement in patients with transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTR amyloidosis); 2) track the cardiac amyloid burden; and 3) detect early disease. BACKGROUND ATTR amyloidosis is an underdiagnosed cause of heart(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac involvement determines outcome in patients with systemic amyloidosis. There is major unmet need for quantification of cardiac amyloid burden, which is currently only met in part through semi-quantitative bone scintigraphy or Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR), which measures ECVCMR. Other accessible tests are needed. OBJECTIVES To(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic variants related to the natriuretic peptide (NP) system [ScaI mutated allele (A1) of the atrial NP (ANP) gene and the C variant of the natriuretic peptide clearance receptor (NPRC) gene] have been identified as independent risk factors for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Despite the importance of NPs in heart failure (HF), the(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) derived native myocardial T1 is decreased in patients with Fabry disease even before left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) occurs and may be the first non-invasive measure of myocyte sphingolipid storage. The relationship of native T1 lowering prior to hypertrophy and other candidate early phenotype markers(More)
OBJECTIVES The authors sought to generate a synthetic extracellular volume fraction (ECV) from the relationship between hematocrit and longitudinal relaxation rate of blood. BACKGROUND ECV quantification by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) measures diagnostically and prognostically relevant changes in the extracellular space. Current methodologies require(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aimed to determine whether remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) initiated prior to primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) could reduce myocardial infarct (MI) size in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. BACKGROUND RIC, using transient limb ischemia and reperfusion, can protect the heart(More)