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AIMS The carotid body (CB) represents the prime site for detecting and responding to hypoxia. Since the role of heroin in respiratory depression with consequent hypoxia is known, the authors were able to investigate morphological and molecular modifications occurring in the CB of heroin addicted subjects compared to subjects who died because of trauma. (More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of our work was to evaluate the role of nitric oxide (NO) in the in vitro response of human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) to 1, 5, 10, and 100 μM doses of zoledronic acid (ZA), a bisphosphonate largely used in the clinical practice and for which several adverse effects are reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS Phase contrast microscopy and(More)
Although triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA), a resin monomer widely used in dental practice, has been shown to have cytotoxic effects on eukaryotic cells, little is known about how the oral environment influences the cytotoxicity of this biomaterial. The aim of this study was to evaluate eukaryotic cell reaction to TEGDMA in terms of the production(More)
Gelatin is one of the most commonly used biopolymer for creating cellular scaffolds due to its innocuous nature. To create stable gelatin scaffolds at physiological temperature (37 degrees C), chemical cross-linking is a necessary step. In a previous paper (Biomacromolecules 2006, 7, 3059-3068), cross-linking was carried out by either radical polymerization(More)
BACKGROUND Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a frequent form of senile dementia. Neuroglobin (Ngb) has a neuroprotective role and decreases Aβ peptide levels. Ngb, promoting Akt phosphorylation, activates cell survival involving cyclic-nucleotide response element-binding protein (CREB). A new molecule (IBU-LA) was synthetized and administered to an AD rat model(More)
Premature newborns are frequently exposed to hyperoxic conditions and experimental data indicate modulation of liver metabolism by hyperoxia in the first postnatal period. Conversely, nothing is known about possible modulation of growth factors and signaling molecules involved in other hyperoxic responses and no data are available about the effects of(More)
RANTES (regulated on activation, normal T cell-expressed and secreted) is a CC chemokine appearing to be involved in the recruitment of leukocytes at inflammation sites. RANTES is produced by CD8(+) T cells, epithelial cells, fibroblasts, and platelets. It acts in vitro in leukocyte activation and human immunodeficiency virus suppression, but its role in(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to check the effect of zoledronic acid (ZA) at subtoxic dose on human osteoblasts (HOs) in terms of cell viability, apoptosis occurrence, and differentiation induction. ZA belongs to the family of bisphosphonates (BPs), largely used in the clinical practice for the treatment of bone diseases, often associated with jaw(More)
The development of blended gelatin and glycosaminoglycan (GAG) scaffolds can potentially be used in many soft tissue engineering applications since these scaffolds mimic the structure and biological function of native extracellular matrix (ECM). In this study, we were able to obtain a gelatin-GAG scaffold by using a concentrated emulsion templating(More)
Human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) were cultured onto CAD/CAM zirconia (Group A), CAD/CAM zirconia after polishing (Group B), CAD/CAM lithium disilicate after polishing (Group C), and feldspathic ceramic (Group D) to evaluate their proliferation and adhesion potential. After 3 h, HGF adhesion was similar in all groups. Later, HGFs closely adhered to(More)