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Elevation of homocysteine is associated with an increased risk for bone fractures. Whether the risk is due to homocysteine or to the reduced levels of cofactors necessary for its metabolisation, such as folates or vitamin B12, is not completely clear. In this study we wanted to determine whether in postmenopausal women, levels of folates, homocysteine or(More)
BACKGROUND The nocturnal decline of blood pressure (BP) is almost coincident with the elevation of melatonin, which may exert vasodilatating and hypotensive effects. In this study we investigated whether prolonged nocturnal administration of melatonin could influence the daily rhythm of BP in women. METHODS In a randomized double-blind study, 18 women, 47(More)
OBJECTIVE Vasomotor symptoms may increase the risk for cardiovascular diseases through still elusive mechanisms. Increased cortisol release may favor atherosclerosis. In this study, we tested whether vasomotor and psychological symptoms are associated with an increase in cortisol levels. METHODS A cross-sectional investigation on women in early menopause(More)
OBJECTIVES Conflicting evidence indicates an increased risk for cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women suffering from hot flushes. In this study, we tested whether, beyond hot flushes, menopausal symptoms are associated with biochemical and biophysical risk factors for cardiovascular disease. METHODS Retrospective cross-sectional analysis on 951(More)
In humans low intake or low levels of folate are related to elevated homocysteine (Hcy) or blood pressure (BP). This study was performed to test whether in healthy postmenopausal women a 3-week administration of folate (5-methyltetrahydrofolate: 5-MTHF) at the dose of 15 mg/day (n=15), was, in comparison to placebo (n=15), capable of modifying 24-h(More)
The rate of hypertension increases after menopause. Whether estrogen and progesterone deficiency associated with menopause play a role in determining a worst blood pressure (BP) control is still controversial. Also, studies dealing with the administration of estrogens or hormone therapy (HT) have reported conflicting evidence. In general it seems that,(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aimed to determine the frequency of dysmenorrhea, as identified by different definitions, in a population of young women, and to investigate factors associated with this complaint. MATERIALS AND METHODS A final group of 408 young women completed a self-assessment questionnaire. This was a cross-sectional analytical study. RESULTS(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate modification in body weight and anthropometric indexes in women at the time of menopause. DESIGN Prospective longitudinal study. SETTING Menopause Center at the University Hospital of Modena. PATIENT(S) Women in perimenopause (n = 87), ovariectomized (n = 60), and in postmenopause (n = 182) without and with treatment. (More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The relationship between atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), increased free fatty acid (FFA) and insulin resistance in patients with mitral valve disease (MVD), a group characterised by elevated atrial pressure and increased ANP levels, is not defined. The present study was performed to evaluate, in MVD patients, the relationship between(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether folate exerts antioxidant effects in postmenopausal women and whether this effect is related to folate-induced modification of 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (BP). METHODS Double-blind placebo-controlled study performed in 30 apparently healthy postmenopausal women recruited at the outpatient(More)