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This review of the CNS effects of the neurohypophyseal hormones and related neuropeptides discusses recent data illustrating the significance of these principles in brain function, synthesis, distribution, in particular in extrahypothalamic brain structures, binding sites, and signal transduction. Binding sites for vasopressin of the vascular V1a type have(More)
The present study reports for the first time the distribution of androgen receptor immunoreactivity (AR-ir) in the human hypothalamus of ten human subjects (five men and five women) ranging in age between 20 years and 39 years using the antibody PG21. Prolonged postmortem delay (72:00 hours) or fixation time (100 days) did not influence the AR-ir. In men,(More)
Difficulties in demonstrating sex steroid receptors in the human brain by immunohistochemistry (IHC) may depend on postmortem delay and a long fixation time. The effect of different postmortem times was therefore studied in rat brain kept in the skull at room temperature for 0, 6, or 24 hr after death. After a long fixation for 20 days, hypothalami were(More)
Neonatal food restriction (FR) in rats, by means of increased litter size, has been used as a model for developmental programming by several investigators. However, the results reported have been inconsistent and difficult to compare between studies. In the present study, we aim to characterize the effects of this model throughout life in both sexes of one(More)
Nerve elements containing neuropeptides were observed by using different antisera and Avidin-Biotin-Peroxidase technique and the distribution of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-diaphorase (NADPH-d), a marker for nitric oxide (NO) synthase were studied in the ampulla hepatopancreatica (sphincter of Oddi) in the cat. A large amount of NPY, VIP,(More)
The distribution of twelve biologically active neuropeptides, i.e., thyrotropin-releasing hormone, corticotropin-releasing factor, pro-opiomelanocortin-derived peptides (adrenocorticotropic hormone, beta-endorphin, alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone), leucine-enkephalin, dynorphin A, dynorphin B, cholecystokinin, substance P, galanin and calcitonin(More)
The topographical distribution of neuropeptide-containing cell bodies, fibers and terminals was studied in human parabrachial nuclei and the pontine tegmentum with immunohistochemical stainings. Brains of seven adult human subjects of 35-72 years were fixed within 2 h post mortem. Serial sections were immunostained by antisera of 14 different(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Changes in cardiac substrate utilisation leading to altered energy metabolism may underlie the development of diabetic cardiomyopathy. We studied cardiomyocyte substrate uptake and utilisation and the role of the fatty acid translocase CD36 in relation to in vivo cardiac function in rats fed a high-fat diet (HFD). METHODS Rats were exposed(More)
The regulation of growth hormone (GH) secretion involves hypothalamic somatostatin and its specific receptors (sst1-sst5). sst1 is highly expressed in the arcuate nucleus (AN), and several data suggest that sst1 receptors are preferentially involved in the somatotropic hypothalamic network. Neuropeptide Y (NPY)-containing neurons function as direct(More)
Testosterone alters the expression of proopiomelanocortin (POMC) mRNA in the neurons of the arcuate nucleus. While observations suggest that both estrogen and androgen receptors (AR) can mediate this action, only a negligible number of POMC neurons has previously been shown to contain estrogen receptor (ER)-alpha. To determine whether the putative action of(More)