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AIM A growing number of neuropsychological studies reported that chemotherapy may impair brain functions, inducing persistent cognitive changes in a subset of cancer survivors. The aim of this paper was to investigate the neural basis of the chemotherapy induced neurobehavioral changes by means of metabolic imaging and neuropsychological testing. METHODS(More)
The cost effectiveness of treatments that have changed the "natural history" of a chronic progressive disease needs to be evaluated over the long term. Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) are the standard treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and should be started as early as possible. A number of studies have shown that they are effective in(More)
INTRODUCTION Status epilepticus (SE) is frequently observed in epileptic patients. We reviewed a series of video-EEG documented SE to define the characteristics of SE in this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS Retrospective evaluation of 50 epileptic patients with SE, revision of the electro-clinical data and therapies, and definition of the semeiological(More)
OBJECTIVE To find out whether a high number of auto-antibodies can increase the probability of a "good-EULAR response" and to identify the possible biomarkers of response in seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients undergoing the B cell depletion therapy (BCDT). PATIENTS AND METHODS One hundred and thirty-eight patients with long standing RA(More)
The use of TNF-alpha antagonists (infliximab, etanercept, adalimumab) has changed the course of many rheumatic diseases including rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Since their approval, some questions regarding their safety including infections have been observed. The aim of the study was to evaluate the changes in cytokines levels and cells subsets in patients(More)
OBJECTIVE We aimed to compare a chemiluminescent immunoassay (CIA, QUANTA Flash) on BIO-FLASH with a multiplex flow immunoassay (MFI) on BioPlex 2200 for the detection of antibodies to Ro60, Ro52, and SS-B. METHODS The study included 241 samples, from patients suffering from systemic autoimmune diseases (n = 108) as well as disease controls (n = 133). All(More)
Although anti-TNF drugs have changed the clinical course of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), survival rates and resistance-to-therapy data confirm that about 30% of RA patients fail to respond. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlations between the development of antidrug antibodies, specific IgG4 antibodies against TNF inhibitors, and resistance to(More)
A positive lymphocyte transformation test to beta-lactams (beta-L) was found in 12 of 29 subjects with adverse drug reaction (ADR) to beta-L, irrespective of either the type of clinical manifestation or the presence of specific serum IgE. Short-term T cell lines specific for penicillin G, amoxicillin, and ampicillin could be generated only from subjects(More)
OBJECTIVE Identification of genetic biomarkers of response to biologics in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a relevant issue. The -174G>C interleukin-6 (IL-6) promoter polymorphism was investigated in RA patients treated with rituximab (RTX), being IL-6 a key cytokine for B cell survival and proliferation, thus possibly implicated in rituximab efficacy. (More)
INTRODUCTION The efficacy of adalimumab, a fully human anti-tumor necrosis factor α recombinant antibody, has dramatically improved the quality of life of patients with rheumatoid and psoriatic arthritis and Crohn's disease. Because it is fully human, one should not expect immune reactions to this molecule. Adverse reactions to adalimumab are limited mainly(More)