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Splenic marginal zone lymphoma (SMZL) is a B cell malignancy of unknown pathogenesis, and thus an orphan of targeted therapies. By integrating whole-exome sequencing and copy-number analysis, we show that the SMZL exome carries at least 30 nonsilent gene alterations. Mutations in NOTCH2, a gene required for marginal-zone (MZ) B cell development, represent(More)
The genetic lesions identified to date do not fully recapitulate the molecular pathogenesis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and do not entirely explain the development of severe complications such as chemorefractoriness. In the present study, BIRC3, a negative regulator of noncanonical NF-κB signaling, was investigated in different CLL clinical(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The clone EMB-2 of the interspecific hybrid Helianthus annuus x H. tuberosus provides an interesting system to study molecular and physiological aspects of somatic embryogenesis. Namely, in addition to non-epiphyllous (NEP) leaves that expand normally, EMB-2 produces epiphyllous (EP) leaves bearing embryos on the adaxial surface. This(More)
The genetic background may modify the individual's risk of developing cancer. We performed a case-control study to test the impact of genomic polymorphisms of 9 genes involved in xenobiotics detoxification and DNA repair in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Frequencies of polymorphic variants of RAD51, XRCC3, NQO1, GSTA1, GSTM1, GSTT1, CYP3A4 and XPD enzymes(More)
Therapy-related Myelodysplastic Syndromes/Acute Myeloid Leukemias (t-MDS/AML) are one of the most compelling long term adverse events occurring in cancer survivors treated with chemo-radiotherapy regimes. Beside several well-described genetic lesions, a growing amount of data suggests that abnormalities in DNA methylation profile contribute to multistep(More)
Epigenetic changes play a role in the pathogenesis of myeloid malignancies, and hypomethylating agents have shown efficacy in these diseases. We studied the apoptotic effect, genome-wide methylation, and gene expression profiles in HL60 cells following 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (decitabine; DAC) treatment, using microarray technologies. Decitabine treatment(More)
DNA methylation is one of the major epigenetic changes in human cancers, leading to silencing of tumor suppressor genes, with a pathogenetic role in tumor development and progression in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Methylation of key promoter regions, induced by cytotoxic therapy together with complex genetic changes, is(More)