Mariangela Albertini

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Endothelin (ET)-1 is a potent vasoconstrictive peptide and it is involved in the pathogenesis of septic shock. Blockade of ET-1 receptors abolishes the LPS-induced pulmonary hypertension and worsens the LPS-dependent systemic hypotension, but the role of ET-1 in sepsis remains uncertain. To determine the role of ET-1 in cardiovascular and respiratory(More)
INTRODUCTION Blood acidification by lactic acid infusion converts bicarbonate to CO2. This effect can be exploited to increase the transmembrane PCO2 gradient of an extracorporeal membrane lung, resulting in a significant increase of extracorporeal CO2 removal. Lactic acid, however, is an energetic substrate and its metabolism might increase total body CO2(More)
In anaesthetized paralysed, mechanically ventilated pigs, the vascular and respiratory effects of 80 ppm nitric oxide (NO) inhaled for 6 min were evaluated. To evoke different levels of smooth muscle contraction ET-1 or PAF, mediators involved in pulmonary disorders, were used. In control conditions, inhaled NO caused selective pulmonary vasodilatation(More)
The haemodynamic and respiratory responses caused by i.v. administration of endothelin-1 (ET-1) (20-100 pmol/kg) were studied in anaesthetized spontaneously breathing pigs. Intravenous bolus administration of synthetic ET-1 (40-100 pmol/kg) caused a transient decrease followed by a long-lasting increase in mean pulmonary arterial pressure and dose dependent(More)
Mechanical ventilation is essential in intensive care units. However, it may itself induce lung injury. Current studies are based on rodents, using exceptionally large tidal volumes for very short periods, often after a "priming" pulmonary insult. Our study deepens a clinically relevant large animal model, closely resembling human physiology and the(More)
The role of endogenous nitric oxide (NO) on vascular and respiratory smooth muscle basal tone was evaluated in six anaesthetized, paralysed, mechanically ventilated pigs. The involvement of endogenous NO in PAF-induced shock and airway hyperresponsiveness was also studied. PAF (50 ng/kg, i.v.) was administered before and after pretreatment with(More)
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