Mariana Wittmer

Learn More
Retinal signal transmission depends on the activity of high voltage-gated l-type calcium channels in photoreceptor ribbon synapses. We recently identified a truncating frameshift mutation in the Cacna2d4 gene in a spontaneous mouse mutant with profound loss of retinal signaling and an abnormal morphology of ribbon synapses in rods and cones. The Cacna2d4(More)
Neovascularization is a prerequisite for tumor growth. Thus, selective destruction of the tumor vasculature should prevent tumor expansion. We have established a method to identify proteins that are specifically expressed on the surface of endothelial cells in tumors. CD31-positive endothelial cells were isolated from Lewis lung carcinoma lung metastases as(More)
Monoclonal antibody (Ab) directed against the vascular endothelial growth factor, one of the major inducers of angiogenesis, can inhibit tumor growth in mice. Treatment of cancer patients with monoclonal Ab requires large-scale production of the clean Ab and frequent application of the Ab. This might be improved by using single-chain Ab fragments (scFvs),(More)
RPGR gene encodes retinitis pigmentosa guanosine triphosphatase regulator protein, mutations of which cause 70% of the X-linked retinitis pigmentosa (XLRP) cases. Rarely, RPGR mutations can also cause primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD), a multisystem disorder characterized by recurrent respiratory tract infections, sinusitis, bronchiectasis, and male(More)
Single-chain antibodies (scFv) have an enormous potential for clinical application. However, rapid blood clearance and difficulties in large-scale production of active scFvs have limited the practical use of these antibody fragments. Recently, an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) scFv (scFv V65) was selected in our laboratory from a human(More)
PURPOSE Congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous retinal disease. Although electroretinographic (ERG) measurements can discriminate clinical subgroups, the identification of the underlying genetic defects has been complicated for CSNB because of genetic heterogeneity, the uncertainty about the mode of(More)
Neovascularization is a prerequisite for tumor growth. Thus, selective destruction of the tumor vasculature should prevent tumor expansion. We have established a method to identify proteins that are specifically expressed on the surface of endothelial cells in tumors. CD31-positive endothelial cells were isolated from Lewis lung carcinoma lung metastases as(More)
Membrane associated and secreted proteins are translated as precursors containing a signal peptide that allows protein-insertion into the membrane of the endoplasmic reticulum and is co-translationally removed in the lumen. The ability of the signal peptide to direct a polypeptide into the secretory pathway is exploited in methods developed to select cDNAs(More)
PURPOSE The goal of this study was to identify mutations in X-chromosomal genes associated with retinitis pigmentosa (RP) in patients from Germany, The Netherlands, Denmark, and Switzerland. METHODS In addition to all coding exons of RP2, exons 1 through 15, 9a, ORF15, 15a and 15b of RPGR were screened for mutations. PCR products were amplified from(More)
AIMS The Schubert-Bornschein type of complete congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB) is a genetically heterogeneous retinal disorder. It is characterised by a non-progressive disease course, often associated with high myopia and nystagmus. So far, mutations in two genes, NYX (nyctalopin) and GRM6 (metabotropic glutamate receptor 6) have been(More)
  • 1