Mariana Sottomayor

Learn More
Catharanthus roseus produces low levels of two dimeric terpenoid indole alkaloids, vinblastine and vincristine, which are widely used in cancer chemotherapy. The dimerization reaction leading to alpha-3',4'-anhydrovinblastine is a key regulatory step for the production of the anticancer alkaloids in planta and has potential application in the industrial(More)
An H2O2-dependent enzyme capable of coupling catharanthine and vindoline into alpha-3',4'-anhydrovinblastine (AVLB) was purified to apparent homogeneity from Catharanthus roseus leaves. The enzyme shows a specific AVLB synthase activity of 1.8 nkat/mg, and a molecular weight of 45.40 kDa (SDS-PAGE). In addition to AVLB synthase activity, the purified enzyme(More)
The expression of “classical” arabinogalactan protein genes in pollen tubes of Arabidopsis thaliana was characterized by RT-PCR. Transcripts of Agp6 and Agp11 were consistently found to be more abundant in pollen tubes and seem to be pollen-specific. Transcripts of other AGP genes were also detected in pollen but in lesser amounts and in a non-specific(More)
Class III peroxidases (Prxs) are plant enzymes capable of using H(2)O(2) to oxidize a range of plant secondary metabolites, notably phenolic compounds. These enzymes are localized in the cell wall or in the vacuole, which is a target for secondary metabolite accumulation, but very little is known about the function of vacuolar Prxs. Here, the physiological(More)
In contrast to detailed knowledge regarding the biosynthesis of anthocyanins, the largest group of plant pigments, little is known about their in planta degradation. It has been suggested that anthocyanin degradation is enzymatically controlled and induced when beneficial to the plant. Here we investigated the enzymatic process in Brunfelsia calycina(More)
The leaves of Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don produce the first natural drugs used in cancer therapy – the dimeric terpenoid indole alkaloids vinblastine and vincristine. The study of C. roseus further revealed two other terpenoid indole alkaloids with important pharmacological activity: ajmalicine, used as an antihypertensive, and serpentine, used as(More)
Xylem differentiation in plants is under strict hormonal regulation. Auxins and cytokinins, together with brassinosteroids (BRs), appear to be the main hormones controlling vascular differentiation. In this report, we study the effect of these hormones on the basic peroxidase isoenzyme from Zinnia elegans (ZePrx), an enzyme involved in lignin biosynthesis.(More)
The leaves of Catharanthus roseus constitute the only source of the well known indolomonoterpenic alkaloids vincristine and vinblastine. In this work we studied the biological potential of the roots, which are used in several countries as decocts or hot water extracts for the treatment of a number of conditions. The aqueous extract strongly inhibited(More)
A total of 88 volatile and semi-volatile components were formally or tentatively identified in flowers, leaves and stems of Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don (cv. Little Bright Eye), by headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and by dichloromethane extraction, combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). These include some diterpenic(More)
Catharanthus roseus is nowadays one of the most studied medicinal plants. In this work, further knowledge on different parts of this species (leaves, stems, seeds and petals) was achieved, namely phenolics by HPLC-DAD and organic acids and amino acids by HPLC-UV. Also, the biological potential, expressed as acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity was(More)