Mariana Mondragón-Palomino

Learn More
Plant disease resistance genes have been shown to be subject to positive selection, particularly in the leucine rich repeat (LRR) region that may determine resistance specificity. We performed a genome-wide analysis of positive selection in members of the nucleotide binding site (NBS)-LRR gene family of Arabidopsis thaliana. Analyses were possible for 103(More)
Orchids have unique flowers involving three types of perianth organs: outer tepals, lateral inner tepals, and a lip. Expression studies indicate that the identity of these organs is specified by the combinatorial interaction of four different DEFICIENS-like MADS-box genes. We suggest that clarifying the evolution of these genes provides a rational framework(More)
The high number of duplicated genes in plant genomes provides a potential template for gene conversion and unequal crossing-over. Within a gene family these two processes can render all members homogeneous or generate diversity by reassorting variants among paralogs. The latter is especially feasible in families where gene diversity confers a selective(More)
BACKGROUND The nearly 30 000 species of orchids produce flowers of unprecedented diversity. However, whether specific genetic mechanisms contributed to this diversity is a neglected topic and remains speculative. We recently published a theory, the 'orchid code', maintaining that the identity of the different perianth organs is specified by the(More)
Mammalian oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) complexes I, III, IV and V are assembled from both mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and nuclear DNA (nDNA) encoded subunits, with complex I encompassing 39 nDNA and seven mtDNA subunits. Yet the sequence variation of the mtDNA genes is more than ten fold greater than that of the nDNA encoded genes of the OXPHOS(More)
Positive selection is recognized as the prevalence of nonsynonymous over synonymous substitutions in a gene. Models of the functional evolution of duplicated genes consider neofunctionalization as key to the retention of paralogues. For instance, duplicate transcription factors are specifically retained in plant and animal genomes and both positive(More)
In flowering plants, class-B floral homeotic genes encode MADS-domain transcription factors, which are key in the specification of petal and stamen identity, and have two ancient clades: DEF-like and GLO-like genes. Many species have one gene of each clade, but orchids have typically four DEF-like genes, representing ancient gene clades 1, 2, 3 and 4. We(More)
The diverse flowers of Orchidaceae are the result of several major morphological transitions, among them the most studied is the differentiation of the inner median tepal into the labellum, a perianth organ key in pollinator attraction. Type A peloria lacking stamens and with ectopic labella in place of inner lateral tepals are useful for testing models on(More)
The diverse morphology of orchid flowers and their complex, often deceptive strategies to become pollinated have fascinated researchers for a long time. However, it was not until the 20th century that the ontogeny of orchid flowers, the genetic basis of their morphology and the complex phylogeny of Orchidaceae were investigated. In parallel, the improvement(More)
The plasma complement system comprises several activation pathways that share a common terminal route involving the assembly of the terminal complement complex (TCC), formed by C5b–C9. The order of emergence of the homologous components of TCC (C6, C7, C8α, C8β, and C9) has been determined by phylogenetic analyses of their amino acid sequences. Using all(More)