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AIMS Haemodynamics alone do not fully explain symptoms and prognosis in clinically severe aortic stenosis (AS). Myocardial disease, specifically diffuse myocardial fibrosis (DMF), may contribute. We used equilibrium contrast cardiovascular magnetic resonance (EQ-CMR) and sought to non-invasively measure DMF in severe AS and determine its clinical(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study is to assess the outcomes of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) diagnosed by means of echocardiography-based screening. METHODS A cohort of children with and with no RHD was driven from a systematic echocardiography-based nationwide surveillance among 4th grade (age 9-10 years) schoolchildren in South-Pacific New Caledonia(More)
BACKGROUND Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) remains a major public health problem worldwide. Although early diagnosis by echocardiography may potentially play a key role in developing active surveillance, systematic evaluation of simple approaches in resource poor settings are needed. METHODS AND RESULTS We prospectively compared focused cardiac ultrasound(More)
AIM To identify the proportion and characteristics of patients with severe symptomatic mitral regurgitation (MR) who are denied surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS In the Euro Heart Survey on valvular heart disease, 396 patients had severe symptomatic MR as assessed by Doppler-echocardiography (grade > or =3/4) and New York Heart Association class II or greater.(More)
Over the past 5 years, the advent of echocardiographic screening for rheumatic heart disease (RHD) has revealed a higher RHD burden than previously thought. In light of this global experience, the development of new international echocardiographic guidelines that address the full spectrum of the rheumatic disease process is opportune. Systematic differences(More)
Rheumatic heart disease, often neglected by media and policy makers, is a major burden in developing countries where it causes most of the cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in young people, leading to about 250,000 deaths per year worldwide. The disease results from an abnormal autoimmune response to a group A streptococcal infection in a genetically(More)
Africa has one of the highest prevalence of heart diseases in children and young adults, including congenital heart disease (CHD) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD). We present here an extensive review of recent data from the African continent highlighting key studies and information regarding progress in CHD and RHD since 2005. Main findings include(More)
AIMS Portable echocardiography has emerged as a potential tool to detect rheumatic heart disease (RHD) early. Complex echocardiographic criteria used in recent epidemiological studies may be difficult to translate into daily practice in areas where the burden of RHD is greatest and skilled practitioners are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate a(More)
OBJECTIVE Myocarditis is a rare disease that may progress rapidly to refractory cardiogenic shock and death. In such situations, emergent initiation of mechanical circulatory assistance is the only therapeutic option to rescue these dying patients. This study was designed to evaluate the outcomes, health-related quality of life and frequencies of anxiety,(More)
BACKGROUND Both endocarditis and Bartonella infections are neglected public health problems, especially in rural Asia. Bartonella endocarditis has been described from wealthier countries in Asia, Japan, Korea, Thailand and India but there are no reports from poorer countries, such as the Lao PDR (Laos), probably because people have neglected to look. (More)