Mariana G. Brocardo

Learn More
Adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) is a tumour suppressor involved in colon cancer progression. We and others previously described nuclear-cytoplasmic shuttling of APC. However, there are conflicting reports concerning the localization of endogenous wild-type and tumour-associated, truncated APC. To resolve this issue, we compared APC localization using(More)
Adenomatous polyposis coli protein (APC) translocates to, and stabilizes, the plus-ends of microtubules. In microtubule-dependent cellular protrusions, APC frequently accumulates in peripheral clusters at the basal membrane. APC targeting to membrane clusters is important for cell migration, but the localization mechanism is poorly understood. In this(More)
IQGAP1 is a plasma membrane-associated protein and an important regulator of the actin cytoskeleton, contributing to cell migration, polarity and adhesion. In this study, we demonstrate the nuclear translocation of IQGAP1 using confocal microscopy and cell fractionation. Moreover, we identify a specific pool of IQGAP1 that accumulates in the nucleus during(More)
Protein phosphatase (PP) 2A is a heterotrimeric enzyme regulated by specific subunits. The B56 (or B'/PR61/PPP2R5) class of B-subunits direct PP2A or its substrates to different cellular locations, and the B56alpha, -beta, and -epsilon isoforms are known to localize primarily in the cytoplasm. Here we studied the pathways that regulate B56alpha subcellular(More)
5-fluorouracil (5-FU) is the first line component used in colorectal cancer (CRC) therapy however even in combination with other chemotherapeutic drugs recurrence is common. Mutations of the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene are considered as the initiating step of transformation in familial and sporadic CRCs. We have previously shown that APC regulates(More)
The adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) tumor suppressor traffics between nucleus and cytoplasm to perform distinct functions. Here we identify a specific role for APC in the DNA replication stress response. The silencing of APC caused an accumulation of asynchronous cells in early S phase and delayed S phase progression in cells released from(More)
The adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) tumor suppressor is a multi-functional protein, the mutation of which triggers colon cancer progression through de-regulation of the canonical Wnt signaling pathway and disruption of the mitotic spindle checkpoint. In recent years, APC has been detected at several unexpected intracellular locations, implicating APC in(More)
The adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) protein tumor suppressor is mutated in the majority of colon cancers. Most APC gene mutations cause deletion of the C terminus and disrupt APC regulation of beta-catenin turnover, microtubule dynamics, and chromosome segregation. Truncated APC mutant peptides may also gain unique properties, not exhibited by wild-type(More)
β-Catenin transduces the Wnt signaling pathway and its nuclear accumulation leads to gene transactivation and cancer. Rac1 GTPase is known to stimulate β-catenin-dependent transcription of Wnt target genes and we confirmed this activity. Here we tested the recent hypothesis that Rac1 augments Wnt signaling by enhancing β-catenin nuclear import; however, we(More)
Genetic mutations of adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) predispose to high risk of human colon cancer. APC is a large tumor suppressor protein and truncating mutations disrupt its normal roles in regulating cell migration, DNA replication/repair, mitosis, apoptosis, and turnover of oncogenic β-catenin. APC is targeted to multiple subcellular sites, and here(More)