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The (beta)1-null fibroblastic cell line GD25 and its derivatives were studied to gain an understanding of the roles of (beta)1 and (beta)3 integrins in the initial (1-hour) contraction of collagen gels. Stable transfectants of GD25 cells expressing the (beta)1A splice variant of (beta)1 ((beta)1A-GD25) did not express (alpha)2(beta)1A and did not adhere to(More)
Although the contribution of mitochondrial dynamics (a balance in fusion/fission events and changes in mitochondria subcellular distribution) to key biological process has been reported, the contribution of changes in mitochondrial fusion to achieve efficient steroid production has never been explored. The mitochondria are central during steroid synthesis(More)
The phospho-dephosphorylation of intermediate proteins is a key event in the regulation of steroid biosynthesis. In this regard, it is well accepted that steroidogenic hormones act through the activation of serine/threonine (Ser/Thr) protein kinases. Although many cellular processes can be regulated by a crosstalk between different kinases and phosphatases,(More)
Citrate has been identified as a major component of snake venoms by gas liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry. The venoms of Bothrops asper, Crotalus atrox, Crotalus viridis viridis, Crotalus adamanteus, Sistrurus miliarius barbouri, Crotalus horridus horridus, Agkistrodon contortrix mokasen, Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix and Agkistrodon(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and sphingosine 1-phosphate (SPP) are lipid mediators released upon platelet activation. The concentration of LPA in serum is estimated at 1-10 microM whereas the concentration in plasma is considerably less. The SPP concentration in serum is 0.5 microM, approximately two-fold higher than the plasma concentration. The lipids are(More)
Inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) are extensively involved in NFκB signaling pathways. Regulation of c-IAP2 turnover by other proteins was investigated in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cells in the present study. When overexpressed, X-linked IAP (XIAP) enhanced expression of ectopic c-IAP2, but not c-IAP1, and endogenous c-IAP2 levels were reduced once(More)
MAP kinases (MAPKs), such as ERK1/2, exert profound effects on a variety of physiological processes. In steroidogenic cells, ERK1/2 are involved in the expression and activation of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein, which plays a central role in the regulation of steroidogenesis. In MA-10 Leydig cells, LH and chorionic gonadotropin (CG) trigger(More)
Acyl-CoA synthetase 4 (ACSL4) is implicated in fatty acid metabolism with marked preference for arachidonic acid (AA). ACSL4 plays crucial roles in physiological functions such as steroid synthesis and in pathological processes such as tumorigenesis. However, factors regulating ACSL4 mRNA and/or protein levels are not fully described. Because ACSL4 protein(More)
The mitochondria are critical for steroidogenesis since the ability of cholesterol to move into mitochondria to be available for cytochrome P450, CYP11A1, determines the efficacy of steroid production. Several proteins kinases, such as PKA, MEK and ERK which are essential to complete steroidogenesis, form a mitochondria-associated complex. The(More)