Mariana A S Siqueira

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OBJECTIVE Nitric oxide (NO) is a short-lived gaseous messenger with multiple physiological functions including regulation of blood flow, platelet adhesion and aggregation inhibition. NO synthases (NOS) catalyze the conversion of cationic amino acid L-arginine in L-citrulline and NO. Despite an increasing prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS)(More)
1. Chronic renal failure (CRF) is associated with the abnormal regulation of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis at the systemic level. The transport of L-arginine, upregulated in blood cells from uraemic patients, modulates NO synthesis in this pathological condition. The model of partial nephrectomy in rats is widely accepted as a valid model of uraemia. Because(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) is the second greatest killer worldwide that is caused by a single infectious agent. For its control, studies of TB vaccines are needed. Since Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is the only vaccine against TB currently in use, studies addressing the protective role of BCG in the context of inducible inflammatory mediators are urgently(More)
In patients with Dengue fever, a viral inflammatory syndrome, haemorrhage is a significant pathological feature, yet the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Nitric oxide (NO) is an important regulator of platelet function, inhibiting aggregation, recruitment and adhesion to the vascular endothelium. We have investigated whether changes in the activity of(More)
The conditionally essential amino acid L-arginine is the substrate for nitric oxide (NO) synthesis, a key second messenger involved in physiological functions including endothelium-dependent vascular relaxation and inhibition of platelet adhesion and aggregation. Extracellular L-arginine transport seems to be essential for the production of NO by the action(More)
1. Systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) is a major independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The physiopathology of SAH is multifactorial, complex and remains to be elucidated. Nitric oxide (NO) is an important regulator of vascular and haemostatic functions. The cationic amino acid l-arginine serves as the substrate for NO synthases (NOS) and(More)
The uraemic syndrome is a complex condition that results from an accumulation of multiple waste compounds, combined with failure of the endocrine and homeostatic functions of the kidney in end-stage chronic renal failure (CRF) patients. Recently it has become clear that uraemia is a microinflammatory condition with a significant increase in inflammation(More)
Dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) is a prevalent acute disease that occurs in patients infected by an arbovirus in tropical and subtropical regions. We have previously shown increased intraplatelet nitric oxide (NO) production in patients with dengue fever associated with reduced platelet aggregation. In this study, l-arginine transport as well as expression(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) remains the world's leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Although Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is the only vaccine currently in use, its efficacy is highly variable. It has been suggested that early antigenic presentation is a pivotal event leading to a better immune response in TB vaccine models. To investigate(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with end-stage chronic renal failure (CRF) (uremia) have a high prevalence of inflammation, malnutrition, and oxidative stress. All of these features seem to be associated with the increased cardiovascular mortality observed in these patients. Nitric oxide (NO) is involved in the pathogenesis of CRF. The present study investigates the(More)
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