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OBJECTIVE This study examined the impact of different types of stress, one interpersonal and two ego-related versus a control condition, on the eating behavior of individuals with varying degrees of dietary restraint. METHOD Eighty-two females were randomly assigned to one of three manipulations or a control group, and then all groups completed an ice(More)
BACKGROUND Children who report episodes of binge eating gain more weight than do children not reporting binge eating. However, how binge eating affects children's food intake at meals is unknown. OBJECTIVE We compared the energy intake and postmeal satiety of children with and without a history of binge eating during buffet meals. DESIGN Sixty(More)
PURPOSE Depressive symptoms in adolescents have been associated with reduced physical activity. However, existing studies have relied on questionnaire measures of physical activity, which may not necessarily reflect actual energy expenditures. We sought to evaluate the relationship between depressive symptoms and objectively measured cardiorespiratory(More)
Disordered eating attitudes and behaviors appear to be quite common in youth, and overweight youth have been identified as a subset of the population at particularly high risk for endorsing such symptoms. Overweight and eating disorder (ED) symptomatology independently confer significant threats to one's physical and psychosocial health, showing strong(More)
OBJECTIVE Few studies have quantified the prevalence of weight-related orthopedic conditions in otherwise healthy overweight children. The goal of the present investigation was to describe the musculoskeletal consequences of pediatric overweight in a large pediatric cohort of children that included severely overweight children. METHODS Medical charts from(More)
OBJECTIVE Limited data suggest that psychological factors, including binge eating, dieting, and depressive symptoms, may predispose children to excessive weight gain. We investigated the relationship between baseline psychological measures and changes in body fat (measured with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry) over time among children thought to be at high(More)
BACKGROUND Children with rs9939609 FTO variant alleles (homozygous = AA and heterozygous = AT) are predisposed to greater adiposity than are those with 2 wild-type alleles (TT). OBJECTIVE Because FTO is highly expressed in hypothalamic regions that are important for appetite, FTO genotype may affect energy balance by influencing eating behavior. Loss of(More)
This study examined eating-disordered pathology in relation to psychopathology and adiposity in 162 non-treatment-seeking overweight (OW) and normal weight (NW) children, ages 6-13 years. Participants experienced objective or subjective binge eating (S/OBE; loss-of-control eating), objective overeating (OO), or no episodes (NE). OW children experienced(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the impact of obesity on quality of life (QOL) in black and white adolescents. STUDY DESIGN One hundred ten overweight (body mass index [BMI], 41.7 +/- 8.9 kg/m2) and 34 nonoverweight adolescents (BMI, 20.6 +/- 2.9 kg/m2) and their parents completed measures of QOL. RESULTS Overweight was associated with poorer adolescent-reported(More)
BACKGROUND Homozygosity for 2 protein-altering polymorphisms in the melanocortin-3 receptor gene (MC3R) coding sequence, C17A and G241A, has been reported to be associated with an obesity phenotype in children, yet how these polymorphisms affect energy homeostasis is unknown. Association between adult body weight and +2138InsCAGACC, another variant in the(More)