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PREFACE The present report is one of a series of studies conducted by the NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research evaluating the NSW Drug Court trial. Other reports in this series monitor key aspects of the Court's operation and investigate changes in the health and social functioning of Drug Court participants. In this report we examine an issue(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examined the costs and outcomes of treatment for opiate dependence associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS Data were collected on the use of opiate treatment over a 12-month period for a cohort of 495 individuals, of whom 42 percent had PTSD. Total treatment costs were calculated as the sum of the time spent in(More)
BACKGROUND Currently, about one-third of infants born after assisted reproductive technology (ART) worldwide are twins or triplets. This study compared the inpatient birth-admission costs of singleton and multiple gestation ART deliveries to non-ART deliveries. METHODS A cohort of 5005 mothers and 5886 infants conceived following ART treatment were(More)
BACKGROUND Day care is increasingly being used for complications of pregnancy, but there is little published evidence on its efficacy. We assessed the clinical, psychosocial, and economic effects of day care for three pregnancy complications in a randomised trial of day care versus standard care on an antenatal ward. METHODS 395 women were randomly(More)
AIMS To date there has been limited analysis of the economic costs and benefits associated with cannabis legalisation. This study redresses this gap. A cost benefit analysis of two cannabis policy options the status quo (where cannabis use is illegal) and a legalised-regulated option was conducted. METHOD A cost benefit analysis was used to value the(More)
BACKGROUND In Vietnam, like many countries in Southeast Asia, the commonly used approach of center-based compulsory drug treatment (CCT) has been criticized on human rights ground. Meanwhile, community-based voluntary methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has been implemented for nearly a decade with promising results. Reform-minded leaders have been(More)
INTRODUCTION Young people with drug and alcohol problems are likely to have poorer health and other psychosocial outcomes than other young people. Residential treatment programmes have been shown to lead to improved health and related outcomes for young people in the short term. There is very little robust research showing longer term outcomes or benefits(More)
BACKGROUND The overarching goal of health policies is to maximize health and societal benefits. Economic evaluations can play a vital role in assessing whether or not such benefits occur. This paper reviews the application of modelling techniques in economic evaluations of drug and alcohol interventions with regard to (i) modelling paradigms themselves;(More)