Learn More
This article presents the cost-effectiveness results of a randomised controlled trial conducted in two Australian cities. The trial was designed to assess the safety, efficacy and cost-effectiveness of buprenorphine versus methadone in the management of opioid dependence. The trial utilised a flexible dosing regime that was tailored to the clinical need of(More)
PREFACE The present report is one of a series of studies conducted by the NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research evaluating the NSW Drug Court trial. Other reports in this series monitor key aspects of the Court's operation and investigate changes in the health and social functioning of Drug Court participants. In this report we examine an issue(More)
OBJECTIVE The principal objective of this paper is to identify the economic costs and benefits of pedophile treatment programs incorporating both the tangible and intangible cost of sexual abuse to victims. METHOD Cost estimates of cognitive behavioral therapy programs in Australian prisons are compared against the tangible and intangible costs to victims(More)
BACKGROUND Day care is increasingly being used for complications of pregnancy, but there is little published evidence on its efficacy. We assessed the clinical, psychosocial, and economic effects of day care for three pregnancy complications in a randomised trial of day care versus standard care on an antenatal ward. METHODS 395 women were randomly(More)
This economic evaluation was part of the Australian National Evaluation of Pharmacotherapies for Opioid Dependence (NEPOD) project. Data from four trials of heroin detoxification methods, involving 365 participants, were pooled to enable a comprehensive comparison of the cost-effectiveness of five inpatient and outpatient detoxification methods. This study(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examined the costs and outcomes of treatment for opiate dependence associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS Data were collected on the use of opiate treatment over a 12-month period for a cohort of 495 individuals, of whom 42 percent had PTSD. Total treatment costs were calculated as the sum of the time spent in(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify which smoking cessation interventions provide the most efficient use of health care resources at a population level. METHODS Effectiveness data were obtained from a review of the international literature. Costs and effects of smoking cessation interventions were estimated from the perspective of the Australian Government. Treatment(More)
A series of 12 patients with severe intra-articular (pilon) fractures of the distal tibia were treated by open reduction and internal fixation of the principal articular fragments. Tibial length was restored and maintained by an articulated external fixator which allowed early mobilization of the joint, and associated fibular fractures were fixed(More)
The purpose of this study was to conduct a cost-effectiveness analysis of detoxification from heroin using buprenorphine in a specialist clinic versus a shared care setting. A randomized controlled trial was conducted with a total of 115 heroin-dependent patients receiving a 5-day treatment regime of buprenorphine. The specialist clinic was a(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of modest financial incentives in increasing completion of an accelerated 3-dose hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination schedule (0, 7, 21days) among people who inject drugs (PWID). METHODS Randomised controlled trial. Participants were randomly allocated to receive $30 Australian Dollars cash following(More)