Marian Orlowski

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Evidence is presented that rat kidney contains enzymes that catalyze the synthesis and utilization of glutathione; these reactions, which involve the uptake and release of amino acids from gamma-glutamyl linkage, constitute a cyclical process which is termed "the gamma-glutamyl cycle." The gamma-glutamyl cycle has properties that fulfill the requirements of(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) vpu gene encodes a type I anchored integral membrane phosphoprotein with two independent functions. First, it regulates virus release from a post-endoplasmic reticulum (ER) compartment by an ion channel activity mediated by its transmembrane anchor. Second, it induces the selective down regulation of host cell(More)
The proteasome, a multisubunit, multicatalytic proteinase complex, is attracting growing attention as the main intracellular, extralysosomal, proteolytic system involved in ubiquitin-(Ub) dependent and Ub-independent intracellular proteolysis. Its involvement in the mitotic cycle, and control of the half-life of most cellular proteins, functions absolutely(More)
A metalloendopeptidase optimally active at a neutral pH was purified 10000-fold from particulate fractions of bovine pituitaries. The solubilized enzyme has an apparent molecular weight of about 90 000, as determined by gel filtration on Sephadex G-200 and G-100 columns. The enzyme is not sensitive to inhibition by SH-blocking agents, diisopropyl(More)
Initial studies on the specificity of the multicatalytic proteinase complex (MPC; EC led to the identification of three distinct proteolytic components designated as trypsin-like, chymotrypsin-like, and peptidylglutamyl-peptide hydrolyzing, all sensitive to inactivation by 3,4-dichloroisocoumarin (DCI), a general serine proteinase inhibitor. The(More)
The multicatalytic proteinase complex (MPC), also referred to as proteasome, is a large molecular mass intracellular particle (approximately 700 kDa), which exhibits three distinct proteolytic activities designated as chymotrypsin-like, trypsin-like, and peptidylglutamyl-peptide hydrolyzing (PGPH), all sensitive to inhibition by 3,4-dichloroisocoumarin(More)