Marian Houston

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Increased aerobic production of ATP at the onset of exercise could be limited by availability of metabolic substrates independent of O2, or interaction between O2 and metabolic substrates. We point out the importance of feedback control to match O2 supply to demand and discuss metabolic control at the onset of exercise.
OBJECTIVE Sexual behavior in children can cause uncertainty in the clinician because of the relationship between sexual abuse and sexual behavior. Consequently, it is important to understand normative childhood sexual behavior. DESIGN Sexual behavior in 1114 2- to 12-year-old children was rated by primary female caregivers. These children were screened(More)
The effects of 15 days of detraining and 15 days of retraining were studied in 6 well-trained runners. Detraining resulted in significant decreases in the mean activities of succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) of 24% and 13% respectively, but no significant increases in these enzymes activities occured with retraining. Maximal(More)
Two studies were conducted to examine the effect of myosin regulatory light chain (R-LC) phosphorylation on the rate and extent of shortening in submaximally activated mouse extensor digitorum longus muscles in vitro at 25 degrees C. For each study, R-LC phosphate content was increased fivefold by application of a 5-Hz, 20-s conditioning stimulus (CS) to(More)
Phosphorylation of myosin regulatory light chain (R-LC) increases the sensitivity of skinned skeletal muscle fibers to low Ca2+ activation. The purpose of this study was to determine whether phosphorylation of R-LC-mediated increases in Ca2+ sensitivity provides a molecular basis for potentiated twitch forces observed during fatigue of intact mammalian(More)
The phosphate content of the fast (LC2F) and two slow (LC2S and LC2S1) phosphorylatable light chains (P-light chains) in myosin isolated from biopsy samples of rested human vastus lateralis muscle averaged 0.21, 0.28 and 0.25 mol of phosphate per mol of P-light chain, respectively. Following a 10 s maximal contraction, phosphate content was increased by(More)
The relationship between torque-velocity characteristics of the knee extensors during isokinetic contractions and muscle fiber type of the vastus lateralis, determined from two muscle biopsy samples, was investigated in 12 male and 18 female subjects. Peak torque, corrected for the effect of gravity and impact artifact, was classified as corrected peak(More)
The relationship between thermoreception, hormonal secretion and muscular activity was studied. 6 men swam 60 min in 21, 27 and 33 degrees C water at a speed requiring 68% of VO2 max (determined in 27 degrees C water). Rectal temperature increased in 33 degrees C (1.3 +/- 0.2 degrees C, mean and S.E.) and 27 degrees C (0.7+/- 0.1 degrees C) expts. but(More)
Two elite junior ice hockey teams with players ranging in age between 16 and 20 years were measured on an extensive battery of laboratory tests at the beginning and end of a season in order to determine adaptive changes in the energy supply systems and associated functions. Pre- to post-season changes in maximal aerobic power showed a significant increase(More)
This study investigated the effects of intensity and duration of exercise on lymphocyte proliferation as a measure of immunologic function in men of defined fitness. Three fitness groups--low [maximal O2 uptake (VO2max) = 44.9 +/- 1.5 ml and sedentary], moderate (VO2max = 55.2 +/- 1.6 ml and recreationally active), and high(More)