Marian Grman

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Experimental evidence suggests that nitric oxide (NO) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) signaling pathways are intimately intertwined, with mutual attenuation or potentiation of biological responses in the cardiovascular system and elsewhere. The chemical basis of this interaction is elusive. Moreover, polysulfides recently emerged as potential mediators of(More)
Sulfide salts are known to promote the release of nitric oxide (NO) from S-nitrosothiols and potentiate their vasorelaxant activity, but much of the cross-talk between hydrogen sulfide and NO is believed to occur via functional interactions of cell regulatory elements such as phosphodiesterases. Using RFL-6 cells as an NO reporter system we sought to(More)
H2S donor molecules have the potential to be viable therapeutic agents. The aim of this current study was (i) to investigate the effects of a novel triphenylphosphonium derivatised dithiolethione (AP39), in the presence and absence of reduced nitric oxide bioavailability and (ii) to determine the effects of AP39 on myocardial membrane channels; CaV3, RyR2(More)
We studied the effects of the H(2)S donor Na(2)S on the mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) and heart and breathing rates of anesthetized Wistar rats in the presence and absence of captopril. Bolus administration of Na(2)S (1-4 micromol/kg) into the right jugular vein transiently decreased heart and increased breathing rates; at 8-30 micromol/kg, Na(2)S had(More)
The chemical interaction of sodium sulfide (Na2S) with the NO-donor S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) has been described to generate new reaction products, including polysulfides and nitrosopersulfide (SSNO(-)) via intermediacy of thionitrous acid (HSNO). The aim of the present work was to investigate the vascular effects of the longer-lived products of the(More)
We studied the involvement of O2, pH and low molecular thiols in H2S-induced decomposition of S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO). The GSNO decomposition - •NO release was evaluated by UV-VIS spectroscopy and Griess assay. The H2S donor Na2S was used. O2 slightly increased, but was not necessary for the H2S-induced GSNO decomposition. The rate of GSNO decomposition(More)
Garlic, onion and leek have beneficial effects in treatment of numerous health disorders. The aim of the present study was to investigate underlying molecular mechanisms. To test the potency of the aqueous garlic, onion and leek extracts to release NO from GSNO we have measured NO oxidation product, NO(2)-, by the Griess reagent method. Further, we studied(More)
Exogenous and endogenously produced sulfide derivatives, such as H2S/HS-/S2-, polysulfides and products of the H2S/S-nitrosoglutathione interaction (S/GSNO), affect numerous biological processes in which superoxide anion (O2-) and hydroxyl (OH) radicals play an important role. Their cytoprotective-antioxidant and contrasting pro-oxidant-toxic effects have(More)
Background Recent experimental evidence suggests that nitric oxide (NO) and hydrogen sulfide signaling pathways are intimately intertwined particularly in the vasculature, with mutual attenuation or potentiation of biological responses under control of the soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) / phopshodiesterase (PDE) pathway. There is now compelling evidence(More)