Learn More
BACKGROUND Bacterial colonisation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) contributes to airway inflammation and modulates exacerbations. We assessed risk factors for bacterial colonisation in COPD. METHODS Patients with stable COPD consecutively recruited over 1 year gave consent to provide a sputum sample for microbiologic analysis. Bronchial(More)
  • C Olde, M Garcia
  • 1998
The hemodialysis unit at The Toronto Hospital routinely vaccinates its patients against hepatitis B using Engerix B Hepatitis B Vaccine (Recombinant). A new positive hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) was flagged by the lab, but upon investigation it was discovered that the patient had received hepatitis vaccine two days earlier. The infectious diseases(More)
  • 1