Marian García-Núñez

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Culture of bacteria from bronchial secretions in respiratory patients has low sensitivity and does not allow for complete assessment of microbial diversity across different bronchial compartments. In addition, a significant number of clinical studies are based on sputum samples, and it is not known to what extent they describe the real diversity of the(More)
The bronchial microbiome in severe COPD during stability and exacerbation in patients chronically colonised by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA), has not been defined. Our objective was to determine the characteristics of the bronchial microbiome of severe COPD patients colonised and not colonised by P. aeruginosa and its changes during exacerbation. COPD(More)
Sputum and lung function were periodically assessed in stable moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) outpatients to determine relationships between bronchial colonisation and inflammation. Relationships between potentially pathogenic microorganism (PPM) typology, bronchial inflammation (neutrophilia, tumour necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin(More)
Genotypic variability and clonal persistence are important concepts in molecular epidemiology as they facilitate the search for the source of sporadic cases or outbreaks of legionellosis. We studied the genotypic variability and persistence of Legionella pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) patterns over time (period > 6 months) in 34 positive cooling(More)
We compared the epidemiological data, clinical features and mortality of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) by Streptococcus pneumoniae and Legionella in HIV-infected patients and determined discriminative features. An observational, comparative study was performed (January 1994 to December 2004) in 15 HIV patients with CAP by Legionella and 46 by S.(More)
Bronchial colonization by potentially pathogenic microorganisms (PPMs) is often demonstrated in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but culture-based techniques identify only a portion of the bacteria in mucosal surfaces. The aim of the study was to determine changes in the bronchial microbiome of COPD associated with the severity of the disease.(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To compare the outcome of Legionnaires disease (LD) in patients with and without HIV infection. DESIGN Retrospective review of clinical charts. SETTING Six hundred-bed university hospital. PATIENTS We studied the clinical findings of 64 patients without HIV and 15 patients with HIV. Patients with a serologic diagnosis only were not(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the presence and clonal distribution of Legionella species in the water supply of 20 hospitals in Catalonia, Spain. SETTING 20 hospitals in Catalonia, an area of 32,000 km2, located in northeast Spain. METHODS Environmental cultures of 186 points of potable water supply and 10 cooling towers were performed for the presence of(More)
Copper and silver ionization is a well-recognized disinfection method to control Legionella species in water distribution systems in hospitals. These systems may also serve as a potential indoor reservoir for fungi. The prevalence of fungi was significantly lower in ionized than in nonionized water samples from health care facilities. The clinical(More)
The recovery of potentially pathogenic microorganisms (PPMs) from bronchial secretions is associated with a local inflammatory response in COPD patients. The objective of this study was to determine the relationships between bronchial colonisation and both bronchial and systemic inflammation in stable COPD. In COPD patients recruited on first admission for(More)