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The general inhibition in transcriptional activity during mitosis abolishes the stress-inducible expression of the human hsp70 gene. Among the four transcription factors that bind to the human hsp70 promoter, the DNA-binding activities of three (C/EBP, GBP, and HSF1) were normal, while Sp1 showed reduced binding activity in mitotic cell extracts. In vivo(More)
JMJD3 H3K27me3 demethylase plays an important role in the transcriptional response to different signaling pathways; however, the mechanism by which it facilitates transcription has been unclear. Here we show that JMJD3 regulates transcription of transforming growth factor β (TGFβ)-responsive genes by promoting RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) progression along(More)
Epigenetic mechanisms are fundamental for shaping the activity of the central nervous system (CNS). Methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MECP2) acts as a bridge between methylated DNA and transcriptional effectors responsible for differentiation programs in neurons. The importance of MECP2 dosage in CNS is evident in Rett Syndrome and MECP2 duplication syndrome,(More)
The P/CAF protein has intrinsic histone acetyltransferase (HAT) activity and is capable of binding the transcriptional co-activator CBP. Here we show that P/CAF can regulate transcription and that this function is independent of its binding to CBP. The HAT domain of P/CAF has transcriptional activation potential in yeast. In mammalian cells P/CAF can(More)
During spinal cord development, the combination of secreted signaling proteins and transcription factors provides information for each neural type differentiation. Studies using embryonic stem cells show that trimethylation of lysine 27 of histone H3 (H3K27me3) contributes to repression of many genes key for neural development. However, it remains unclear(More)
Neural development requires crosstalk between signaling pathways and chromatin. In this study, we demonstrate that neurogenesis is promoted by an interplay between the TGFβ pathway and the H3K27me3 histone demethylase (HDM) JMJD3. Genome-wide analysis showed that JMJD3 is targeted to gene promoters by Smad3 in neural stem cells (NSCs) and is essential to(More)
PHF8 is a histone demethylase associated with X-linked mental retardation. It has been described as a transcriptional co-activator involved in cell cycle progression, but its physiological role is still poorly understood. Here we show that PHF8 controls the expression of genes involved in cell adhesion and cytoskeleton organization such as RhoA, Rac1 and(More)
P/CAF is a histone acetyltransferase enzyme which was originally identified as a CBP/p300-binding protein. In this manuscript we report that human P/CAF is acetylated in vivo. We find that P/CAF is acetylated by itself and by p300 but not by CBP. P/CAF acetylation can be an intra- or intermolecular event. The intermolecular acetylation requires the(More)
Histone acetyltransferases (HATs) play a key role in transcription control, cell proliferation and differentiation by modulating chromatin structure; however, little is known about their own regulation. Here we show that expression of the viral oncoprotein SV40 T antigen increases histone acetylation and global cellular HAT activities. In addition, it(More)
Acetylation is a posttranslational modification that alters the biological activities of proteins by affecting their association with other proteins or DNA, their catalytic activities, or their subcellular distribution. The acetyltransferase P/CAF is autoacetylated and acetylated by p300 in vivo. P/CAF autoacetylation is an intramolecular or intermolecular(More)