Mariam Yousif

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BACKGROUND/AIM We examined the influence of chronic treatment with angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] on renox (renal NADPH oxidase, NOX-4) and the development of renal dysfunction in streptozotocin-treated spontaneously hypertensive rats (diabetic SHR). METHODS Mean arterial pressure, urinary protein and vascular responsiveness of the isolated renal artery to(More)
This study characterized the effects of diabetes and/or ischemia on epidermal growth factor receptor, EGFR, and/or erbB2 signaling pathways on cardiac function. Isolated heart perfusion model of global ischemia was used to study the effect of chronic inhibition or acute activation of EGFR/erbB2 signaling on cardiac function in a rat model of type-1(More)
The mechanisms by which angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] exerts its beneficial effects on end-organ damage associated with diabetes and hypertension are not well understood. The purpose of this study was A) to compare the effects of apocynin with Ang-(1-7) on renal vascular dysfunction and NADPH oxidase activity in a combined model of diabetes and hypertension(More)
We examined the influence of chronic treatment with ANG-(1-7) on development of hypertension and end-organ damage in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) chronically treated with the nitric oxide synthesis inhibitor L-NAME (SHR-L-NAME). L-NAME administered orally (80 mg/l) for 4 wk significantly elevated mean arterial pressure (MAP) compared with SHR(More)
Diabetes mellitus is associated with vascular complications, including an impairment of vascular function and alterations in the reactivity of blood vessels to vasoactive agents. Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) is a signalling enzyme that plays key roles in vascular growth, proliferation and cellular apoptosis and is implicated in modulating vascular(More)
1 The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of inhibition of the formation of cytochrome P450 metabolites of arachidonic acid with 1-aminobenzotriazole (ABT) on the development of hypertension and end-organ damage in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) chronically treated with nitric oxide synthesis inhibitor L-NAME (SHR-L-NAME). 2(More)
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that treatment with angiotensin-(1-7) [ANG-(1-7)] or ANG-(1-7) nonpeptide analog AVE-0991 can produce protection against diabetes-induced cardiovascular dysfunction. We examined the influence of chronic treatment (4 wk) with ANG-(1-7) (576 microg.kg(-1).day(-1) ip) or AVE-0991 (576 microg.kg(-1).day(-1) ip)(More)
Contribution of receptor tyrosine kinase activation to development of diabetes-induced renal artery dysfunction is not known. We investigated the ability of a chronic administration of genistein, a broad-spectrum inhibitor of tyrosine kinases (TKs), and AG1478, a specific inhibitor of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) TK activity, to modulate the(More)
1 This study examined the contribution of cytochrome P450 metabolites of arachidonic acid in mediating ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced cardiac dysfunction in normal and diabetic rats. 2 We first compared the metabolism of arachidonic acid in microsomes prepared from the hearts of control rats and rats treated with streptozotocin (55 mg kg(-1)) to induce(More)
Although exogenous administration of Angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] can prevent development of diabetes induced end-organ damage, little is known about the role of endogenous Ang-(1-7) in diabetes and requires further characterization. Here, we studied the effects of chronically inhibiting endogenous Ang-(1-7) formation with DX600, a selective angiotensin(More)