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The aim of the present study was to investigate in vivo cortical excitability in the human brain. We studied 45 consecutive patients with refractory epilepsy in whom subdural or intracerebral electrodes were implanted for assessment prior to epilepsy surgery. We compared cortical responses to single pulse stimulation (up to 8 mA, 1 ms duration) in areas(More)
Visual fields were mapped with kinetic are perimetry in 23 migraine with aura subjects and, for comparison, in 20 migraine without aura subjects and in 21 non-headache controls. Central vision on the Amsler eye chart and visual perception threshold on a computer task were also investigated. Measures were obtained at least seven days after an episode of(More)
Controversy regarding the nosological position of the syndrome of ophthalmoplegia, ataxia and areflexia (Miller Fisher syndrome) exists. The oculomotor dysfunction was presumed to represent an unusually symmetrical peripheral cranial nerve dysfunction. To investigate the neuro-ophthalmic manifestations in this rare syndrome we reviewed 109 reports(More)
OBJECTIVE Juvenile myasthenia gravis (JMG) is an antibody-mediated autoimmune disorder of the neuromuscular junction, at the postsynaptic end plate. JMG presents with fluctuating skeletal muscle weakness and fatigue before the age of 18 years. Very frequently JMG presents with the involvement of the oculomotor muscles, with or without generalized(More)
Using electroretinogram recordings, the response of Lutzomyia longipalpis sandfly eyes to a range of wavelengths of light was measured, and spectral sensitivity determined. The eyes of both male and female adult sandflies were found to respond maximally to light in the ultraviolet region (at 340 nm) with a secondary peak in the blue-green-yellow region at(More)
The neuro-ophthalmological manifestations of 20 patients with the syndrome of ophthalmoplegia, ataxia and areflexia are described. The symmetrical nature of the ophthalmoplegia and the associated cerebellar ataxia point to centrally placed lesions. Several supranuclear, nuclear and internuclear ophthalmological signs are identified. Some of these, like(More)