Mariam Al-Shamsi

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Diabetes is associated with hyperglycemia, one of the most important causes of oxidative stress. Endogenous antioxidants are able to destroy the reactive species and create a balance between antioxidant and free radicals. In diabetes, the oxidative stress is increased due to the deficiency in the antioxidant defense. The intake of antioxidants, such as(More)
OBJECTIVES Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is a naturally occurring carcinogenic and immunosuppressive compound. This study was designed to measure its toxic effects on human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). METHODS The study recruited 7 healthy volunteers. PBMC were isolated and cellular respiration was monitored using a phosphorescence oxygen analyser.(More)
Multiple low doses of streptozotocin (5 x 40 mg/kg) given to susceptible male C57BL6 mice induced delayed and sustained hyperglycemia accompanied by body weight loss, mononuclear cell infiltration in the islet, and apoptosis of beta cells. Shorter regimes (4 x 40 mg/kg) did not have such effect. Administration of IL-23 at a dose of 400 ng/mL for 10(More)
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is recognized as one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the world. About 5-6% of the world population suffers from this disease and the number of people diagnosed with diabetes is rapidly increasing. Diabetes has been demonstrated to be associated with oxidative stress and hyperglycemia, one of the most important(More)
Mitochondrial dysregulation is important in axonal damage and demyelination in multiple sclerosis (MS) and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). There is however, no evidence in the literature of any study that has examined cellular bioenergetics of the central nervous system (CNS) during the early development and clinical course of EAE. EAE, a(More)
BACKGROUND A novel in vitro system was employed to investigate liver tissue respiration (mitochondrial O2 consumption) in mice treated with concanavalin A (Con A). This study aimed to investigate hepatocyte bioenergetics in this well-studied hepatitis model. METHODS C57Bl/6 and C57Bl/6 IFN-γ-/- mice were injected intravenously with 12 mg ConA/kg. Liver(More)
We tested the hypothesis that swim exercise can protect the articular cartilage from damages induced secondary to insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in rats using the scanning electron microscopy and to monitor the blood levels of oxidative and antioxidative stress biomarkers that are known to be modulated in osteoarthritis (OA). A profound damage to the(More)
Vitamin E has the ability to scavenge a wide spectrum of free radicals, including singlet oxygen, superoxide, and hydroxyl radicals. It has beneficial effects against several other disorders, such as atherosclerosis and ischemic heart disease, because it acts as a transcriptional regulator for gene expression via a transcription factor TAP. The beneficial(More)
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