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BACKGROUND Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a frequent cause of sudden death in young individuals and athletes. Although familial occurrence has been documented and a gene defect was recently localized on chromosome 14q23-q24 the etiopathogenesis of the disease is still obscure. METHODS AND RESULTS A pathological study was(More)
The 9th Banff Conference on Allograft Pathology was held in La Coruna, Spain on June 23-29, 2007. A total of 235 pathologists, clinicians and scientists met to address unsolved issues in transplantation and adapt the Banff schema for renal allograft rejection in response to emerging data and technologies. The outcome of the consensus discussions on renal(More)
AIMS The ultrastructural features of the myocardium in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) have not been systematically investigated so far. The recent discovery of gene mutations encoding intercalated disc proteins prompted us to perform a transmission electron microscopy study on endomyocardial biopsies. METHODS AND RESULTS Twenty-one(More)
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition is believed to facilitate invasion and metastasis formation of epithelial tumour cells. SERPINB3 is a serine protease inhibitor, physiologically found in normal squamous epithelium but over-expressed in epithelial tumours and known to inhibit apoptosis. We tested the hypothesis that SERPINB3 has a role in invasion by(More)
BACKGROUND Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an inherited cardiomyopathy characterized by progressive myocardial atrophy with fibrofatty replacement. The recent identification of causative mutations in plakoglobin, desmoplakin (DSP), and plakophilin-2 (PKP2) genes led to the hypothesis that ARVC is due to desmosomal defects.(More)
Mutations in the cardiac desmosomal protein desmoglein-2 (DSG2) are associated with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). We studied the explanted heart of a proband carrying the DSG2-N266S mutation as well as transgenic mice (Tg-NS) with cardiac overexpression of the mouse equivalent of this mutation, N271S-dsg2, with the aim of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Histopathologic analysis was performed to better understand quantity, particle size, and composition of embolized debris collected in protection filters during carotid artery stent implantation. METHODS Elective carotid stent implantation with the use of a distal filter protection was attempted in 38 consecutive lesions (36(More)
Sixty-seven glutaraldehyde-processed porcine bioprostheses (PBs), recovered at autopsy or reoperation from 65 patients, were evaluated by roentgenologic and pathologic examination. Seven patients with 8 PBs were younger than 20 years of age. The time interval of function was 2 to 138 months (average 62). Pathologically, 53 explants had signs of intrinsic(More)
Calcific degeneration is the main cause of porcine bioprosthetic valve failure. This dystrophic phenomenon has been studied by transmission electron microscopy in 26 explants; six normally processed unimplanted xenografts and a pig aortic valve from the slaughterhouse served as controls. Loss of endothelial lining and proteoglycans were a regular finding in(More)