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Aging reduces cardiac baroreflex sensitivity. Our primary aim in the present study was to assess the effects of aging on cardiac baroreflex sensitivity, as determined by power spectral analysis (alpha index), in a large population of healthy subjects. We also compared the alpha indexes determined by power spectral analysis with cardiac baroreflex(More)
Autonomic nervous system control in subjects with vasovagal syncope is controversial. In the present study, we used short-term spectral analysis to evaluate autonomic control in subjects with recurrent vasovagal syncope. We assessed the ability of spectral indices of HR (heart rate) variability to predict tilt-test responses. A series of 47 outpatients with(More)
Predominant sympathetic cardiovascular modulation in the hyperkinetic phase of arterial hypertension has been well described. Less information is available on autonomic control in persons with a family history of arterial hypertension. To investigate this question, we selected 61 normotensive subjects (mean age 30.9 +/- 1.8 years) whose mother or father or(More)
As QT variability increases and heart rate variability diminishes, the QT variability index (QTVI) - a non-invasive measure of beat-to-beat fluctuations in QT interval on a single ECG lead - shows a trend towards positive values. Increased QT variability is a risk factor for sudden death. Aging lengthens the QT interval and reduces RR-interval variability.(More)
This study was designed to assess Q-T interval dispersion as a marker of electrical instability in subjects with anxiety. Recent observations have shown that the presence of anxiety symptoms increases the risk of sudden death. The Kawachi anxiety questionnaire identified 29 subjects (male/female ratio 13:16) who scored 0, 22 subjects (male/female ratio(More)
Anxiety is associated with an increased risk of sudden death. QT dispersion is a marker of cardiac repolarization instability and is seen in conditions of high risk of sudden death. The purpose of this study was to evaluate autonomic nervous system control and QT dispersion in hypertensive subjects with anxiety symptoms. In a recent preliminary study, we(More)
A decreased LFP (low-frequency power) spectral component of HRV [HR (heart rate) variability] is a risk factor for sudden death in patients with CHF (chronic heart failure). In the present study, we evaluated factors (age, arterial pressures and HR) influencing LFP and HFP (high-frequency power) components in short-term recordings during controlled(More)
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a risk factor for sudden death. Temporal and spatial changes in repolarization are among the most studied mechanisms for inducing fatal ventricular arrhythmias. Beta blockers effectively reduce the risk of sudden death in CHF. Our aim in this study was to investigate changes induced by metoprolol and carvedilol on the QT(More)
Chronic heart failure (CHF) reduces baroreflex sensitivity. Low baroreflex sensitivity, a risk factor for sudden death, could arise partly from CHF-dependent endothelial dysfunction. Vitamin C at high doses has a protective role against CHF-related endothelial damage. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of vitamin C on baroreflex sensitivity(More)
Left ventricular hypertrophy is a risk factor for sudden death. Malignant ventricular arrhythmias originate from altered cardiac repolarization. Ample data have described spatial abnormalities in cardiac repolarization [QT interval (QT) dispersion] in subjects with hypertension; more data are needed on temporal changes. This study was designed to assess the(More)