Mariagnese Barbera

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Cancer genome sequencing studies have identified numerous driver genes, but the relative timing of mutations in carcinogenesis remains unclear. The gradual progression from premalignant Barrett's esophagus to esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) provides an ideal model to study the ordering of somatic mutations. We identified recurrently mutated genes and(More)
Barrett's oesophagus is a metaplastic pre-malignant disorder and the only established precursor lesion for oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Barrett's oesophagus develops when the normal stratified squamous epithelium of the lower oesophagus is replaced by a columnar lined mucosa with intestinal differentiation, usually in the context of chronic(More)
OBJECTIVE Knowledge of the cellular mechanisms involved in homeostasis of human squamous oesophagus in the steady state and following chronic injury is limited. We aimed to better understand these mechanisms by using a functional 3D approach. DESIGN Proliferation, mitosis and the expression of progenitor lineage markers were assessed in normal squamous(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small, well-conserved, non-coding RNAs that regulate the translation of RNAs. They have a role in biological and pathological process including cell differentiation, apoptosis, proliferation and metabolism. Since their discovery, they have been shown to have a potential role in cancer pathogenesis through their(More)
The essential oil of Rhododendron anthopogon was investigated by GC-MS, and seventeen compounds (representing approximately 98% of the oil) were identified. The major components of the aerial parts of the oil were the monoterpenes alpha-pinene, beta-pinene, limonene and the sesquiterpene delta-cadinene. Biological studies revealed a weak topical(More)
Barrett's esophagus (BE) is a metaplastic premalignant disorder in which the normal stratified squamous epithelium of the lower esophagus is replaced by a columnar lined epithelium with intestinal differentiation. BE generally occurs in the context of chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease and it is the primary risk factor for the development of esophageal(More)
New derivatives of xanthenone-4-acetic acid, bearing an alkoxy chain of variable length and a basic moiety, were synthesised in order to test the influence of this additional function on antitumour activity. The introduction of bulky substituents carrying a basic nitrogen seems to be somewhat tolerated, since for some of the compounds the enhancement of(More)
INTRODUCTION Cardiovascular disease and dementia share a number of risk factors including hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia, smoking, obesity, diabetes and physical inactivity. The rise of eHealth has led to increasing opportunities for large-scale delivery of prevention programmes encouraging self-management. The aim of this study is to investigate(More)
In order to proliferate, solid tumours require the development and continuous expansion of an organised host-derived vascular network. The anti-vascular agent 5,6-dimethylxanthenone-4-acetic acid (DMXAA) emerged as derivative of the flavone-8-acetic acid (FAA) and xanthenone-4-acetic acid (XAA). Its anti-vascular activity is not based on direct cytotoxic(More)