Maria do Carmo Esteves da Costa

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Machado-Joseph disease (MJD), also known as spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3), is the most common inherited spinocerebellar ataxia and one of many polyglutamine neurodegenerative diseases. In MJD, a CAG repeat expansion encodes an abnormally long polyglutamine (polyQ) tract in the disease protein, ATXN3. Here we review MJD, focusing primarily on the(More)
Machado-Joseph's disease is caused by a CAG trinucleotide repeat expansion that is translated into an abnormally long polyglutamine tract in the protein ataxin-3. Except for the polyglutamine region, proteins associated with polyglutamine diseases are unrelated, and for all of these diseases aggregates containing these proteins are the major components of(More)
Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) is the most common dominant spinocerebellar ataxia. MJD is caused by a CAG trinucleotide expansion in the ATXN3 gene, which encodes a protein named ataxin-3. Ataxin-3 has been proposed to act as a deubiquitinating enzyme in the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway and to be involved in transcriptional repression; nevertheless, its(More)
Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) is a late-onset neurodegenerative disorder caused by a polyglutamine (polyQ) expansion in the ataxin-3 protein. We generated two transgenic mouse lineages expressing the expanded human ataxin-3 under the control of the CMV promoter: CMVMJD83 and CMVMJD94, carrying Q83 and Q94 stretches, respectively. Behavioral analysis revealed(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease that affects about one in 500 young Europeans. In order to test the previously proposed influence of the APOE and SCA2 loci on susceptibility to MS, we studied these loci in 243 Portuguese patients and 192 healthy controls and both parents of 92 patients. We did not detect any significant difference when(More)
Machado–Joseph disease (MJD) is a late-onset neurodegenerative disorder that presents clinical heterogeneity not completely explained by its causative mutation. MJD is caused by an expansion of a CAG tract at exon 10 of the ATXN3 gene (14q32.1), which encodes for ataxin-3. The main goal of this study was to analyze the occurrence of alternative splicing at(More)
Benign hereditary chorea (BHC) is an autosomaldominant disorder of early onset characterized by a slowly progressing or nonprogressing chorea, without cognitive decline or other progressive neurologic dysfunction, but also by the existence of heterogeneity of the clinical presentation within and among families. The genetic cause of BHC is the presence of(More)
Huntington disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative, autosomal dominant disorder of late-onset, caused by the expansion of a CAG repeat in the coding region of the gene. Ours is the reference laboratory for genetic testing in HD, in Portugal, since 1998; 90.1% of all 158 families known were identified for the first time, including patients with unusual(More)
Huntington disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder characterised by chorea, cognitive impairment, dementia and personality changes, caused by the expansion of a CAG repeat in the HD gene. Often, patients with a similar clinical presentation do not carry expansions of the CAG repeat in this gene [Huntington disease-like (HDL)(More)
Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) is a dominantly inherited ataxia caused by a polyglutamine-coding expansion in the ATXN3 gene. Suppressing expression of the toxic gene product represents a promising approach to therapy for MJD and other polyglutamine diseases. We performed an extended therapeutic trial of RNA interference (RNAi) targeting ATXN3 in a mouse(More)