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This work contributes to fill in some existing gaps in the knowledge of human plasma degradability during handling and storage, a paramount issue in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) metabolomics. Regarding the comparison between heparin and EDTA anti-coagulant collection tubes, the former showed no interference of the polysaccharide, while conserving full(More)
This work describes an exploratory NMR metabonomic study of second trimester maternal urine and plasma, in an attempt to characterize the metabolic changes underlying prenatal disorders and identify possible early biomarkers. Fetal malformations have the strongest metabolic impact in both biofluids, suggesting effects due to hypoxia (leading to hypoxanthine(More)
In this work, untargeted NMR metabonomics was employed to evaluate the effects of pregnancy on the metabolite composition of maternal urine, thus establishing a control excretory trajectory for healthy pregnancies. Urine was collected for independent groups of healthy nonpregnant and pregnant women (in first, second, third trimesters) and multivariate(More)
OBJECTIVE Considering the highest rate of morbidity and mortality in diamniotic monochorionic twins, the authors evaluated and compared the adverse obstetric and perinatal outcome in twin pregnancies according to chorionicity. PATIENTS AND METHODS A retrospective study was conducted in all twin deliveries that occurred in the Obstetric Unit of Maternidade(More)
BACKGROUND Increased cytokine and chemokine levels are associated with cardiovascular events in patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes (ACS), but the incremental prognostic value of these inflammatory markers is not known. We determined if cytokine and chemokine assessment adds prognostic information to the GRACE Score in patients with ACS.(More)
BACKGROUND It is not known in what extent admission glucose improves risk stratification of the GRACE Score in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (ACS). We tested the hypothesis that admission glucose adds relevant prognostic information to the GRACE Score. METHODS Consecutive patients admitted with ACS had plasma glucose(More)
OBJECTIVE To report the pattern of occurrence, diagnosis, and treatment of hypertension in a female nursing staff of an emergency hospital. METHODS We carried out a cross-sectional study that included interviews and blood pressure measurements of 494 nursing professionals at an emergency hospital in the city of Salvador, in the state of Bahia, Brazil. We(More)
This work presents the first NMR metabolomics study of maternal plasma during pregnancy, including correlation between plasma and urine metabolites. The expected decrease in circulating amino acids early in pregnancy was confirmed with six amino acids being identified as required by the fetus in larger extents. Newly observed changes in citrate, lactate,(More)
Given the recognized lack of prenatal clinical methods for the early diagnosis of preterm delivery, intrauterine growth restriction, preeclampsia and gestational diabetes mellitus, and the continuing need for optimized diagnosis methods for specific chromosomal disorders (e.g., trisomy 21) and fetal malformations, this work sought specific metabolic(More)
Metabolic biomarkers of pre- and postdiagnosis gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) were sought, using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) metabolomics of maternal plasma and corresponding lipid extracts. Metabolite differences between controls and disease were identified through multivariate analysis of variable selected (1)H NMR spectra. For postdiagnosis(More)