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Lectins from the lichen Xanthoria parietina develop arginase activity. One of these lectins behaves as a secreted arginase whereas another is an endocellular enzyme. Both enzymes are glycosylated proteins differing in the occurrence of galactose instead of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine in secreted arginase. The affinity for the algal ligand (glycosylated cell wall(More)
The phylogenetic relationships of 16 species of Parmelia s. str. are presented based on sequences of nuITS rDNA from 56 specimens, and-tubulin gene sequences from 29 collections. Parmelia serrana sp. nov. a Mediterranean species morphologically very close to P. saxatilis is described. Parmelia ernstiae is the sister-group to P. saxatilis s. str., and a(More)
The species delimitation in fungi is currently in flux. A growing body of evidence shows that the morphology-based species circumscription underestimates the number of existing species. The large and ever growing number of DNA sequence data of fungi makes it possible to use these to identify potential cases of hidden species, which then need to be studied(More)
There are two vectors of the Chagas' disease in Chile: Triatoma infestans Klug the domestic vector and Mepraia spinolai Porter the sylvatic vector. The alimentary profile of M. spinolai has been poorly studied. In this work we study the participation of humans, goats, dogs, cats, rodents, rabbits, birds (hens) and reptiles in the diet of M. spinolai by(More)
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH; naphthalene, anthracene and phenanthrene) degrading microbial consortium C2PL05 was obtained from a sandy soil chronically exposed to petroleum products, collected from a petrochemical complex in Puertollano (Ciudad Real, Spain). The consortium C2PL05 was highly efficient degrading completely naphthalene, phenanthrene(More)
Because the number of fungal species (mycobionts) exceeds the number of algae and cyanobacteria (photobionts) found in lichens by more than two orders of magnitude, reciprocal one-to-one specificity between one fungal species and one photobiont across their entire distribution is not expected in this symbiotic system, and has not previously been observed.(More)
The vast majority of lichenicolous fungi are relatively host-specific, nonvirulent ascomycetes and heterobasidiomycetes. A few known lichenicolous homobasidiomycetes (mushroom-forming fungi) generally exhibit broad host ecologies and in some cases, high virulence. Many produce conspicuous sclerotia or bulbils, thought to be adaptive in dispersal and(More)
The high resistance of Trypanosoma cruzi trypomastigotes, the causal agent of Chagas' disease, to complement involves several parasite strategies. In these in vitro studies, we show that T. cruzi calreticulin (TcCRT) and two subfragments thereof (TcCRT S and TcCRT R domains) bind specifically to recognition subcomponents of the classical and lectin(More)
Parmelioid lichens are a diverse and ubiquitous group of foliose lichens. Generic delimitation in parmelioid lichens has been in a state of flux since the late 1960s with the segregation of the large, heterogeneous genus Parmelia into numerous smaller genera. Recent molecular phylogenetic studies have demonstrated that some of these new genera were(More)
Intimate and long-lasting relationships of fungi and algae have been known for centuries by scientists, and these ancient symbioses might have provided excellent opportunities for horizontal gene transfer (HGT) of protein encoding genes between the two organismal partners. In this study, we sequenced and assembled 451 Mbp of novel genomic DNA from Trebouxia(More)