Maria da Gloria da Costa Carvalho

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BACKGROUND In 2006, WHO produced international growth standards for infants and children up to age 5 years on the basis of recommendations from a WHO expert committee. Using the same methods and conceptual approach, the Fetal Growth Longitudinal Study (FGLS), part of the INTERGROWTH-21(st) Project, aimed to develop international growth and size standards(More)
BACKGROUND In 2006, WHO published international growth standards for children younger than 5 years, which are now accepted worldwide. In the INTERGROWTH-21(st) Project, our aim was to complement them by developing international standards for fetuses, newborn infants, and the postnatal growth period of preterm infants. METHODS INTERGROWTH-21(st) is a(More)
OBJECTIVE  To create international symphysis-fundal height standards derived from pregnancies of healthy women with good maternal and perinatal outcomes. DESIGN  Prospective longitudinal observational study. SETTING  Eight geographically diverse urban regions in Brazil, China, India, Italy, Kenya, Oman, United Kingdom, and United States. PARTICIPANTS(More)
A comprehensive set of fully integrated anthropometric measures is needed to evaluate human growth from conception to infancy so that consistent judgments can be made about the appropriateness of fetal and infant growth. At present, there are 2 barriers to this strategy. First, descriptive reference charts, which are derived from local, unselected samples(More)
UNLABELLED The human papillomavirus (HPV) is a DNA virus, which belongs to papillomaviridae family, being of low and high risk, which infect the skin and mucous membranes and can induce benign and malign tumor formation. In the oral mucosa they have been associated with oral papilloma, focal epithelial hyperplasia, leucoplakia and oral neoplasia. AIM to(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess a comprehensive package of ultrasound quality control in a large multicentre study of fetal growth - the Fetal Growth Longitudinal Study of the INTERGROWTH-21st Project. METHODS We performed quality control (QC) measures on 20,313 ultrasound scan images taken prospectively from 4,321 fetuses at 14-41 weeks' gestation in eight(More)
BACKGROUND Large differences exist in size at birth and in rates of impaired fetal growth worldwide. The relative effects of nutrition, disease, the environment, and genetics on these differences are often debated. In clinical practice, various references are often used to assess fetal growth and newborn size across populations and ethnic origins, whereas(More)
IMPORTANCE Preterm birth has been difficult to study and prevent because of its complex syndromic nature. OBJECTIVE To identify phenotypes of preterm delivery syndrome in the Newborn Cross-Sectional Study of the INTERGROWTH-21st Project. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS A population-based, multiethnic, cross-sectional study conducted at 8(More)
IMPORTANCE Stunting (short length for age) and wasting (low body mass index [BMI] for age) are widely used to assess child nutrition. In contrast, newborns tend to be assessed solely based on their weight. OBJECTIVE To use recent international standards for newborn size by gestational age to assess how stunted and wasted newborns differ in terms of risk(More)
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