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Breeding to increase beta-carotene levels in cereal grains, termed provitamin A biofortification, is an economical approach to address dietary vitamin A deficiency in the developing world. Experimental evidence from association and linkage populations in maize (Zea mays L.) demonstrate that the gene encoding beta-carotene hydroxylase 1 (crtRB1) underlies a(More)
The first cultivated wheat, cultivated einkorn (Triticum monococcum L. subsp. monococcum), was domesticated in South-East Turkey during the Pre-Pottery Neolithic period. It then spread to the Middle-East, the Balkans and Caucasus, Turkmenistan, Central and Mediterranean Europe, North-Africa, and finally to Western and Northern Europe. In all these regions,(More)
Emmer wheat (Triticum dicoccon Schrank) is still largely cultivated in India, and highly appreciated for the preparation of traditional dishes. Moreover, its nutritional characteristics could justify a development of its cultivation. The perspective of genetic improvement however requires a good knowledge of the genetic diversity existing within the(More)
Wheat landraces cultivated in the Saharan oases have been submitted during centuries to drought, heat and salinity and are expected to have developed tolerance to these constraints. The different forms present in the oases of Libya, Algeria and Morocco have been collected and described by several authors who highlighted the peculiarity and diversity of this(More)
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