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The Human Microbiome Project (HMP), funded as an initiative of the NIH Roadmap for Biomedical Research (http://nihroadmap.nih.gov), is a multi-component community resource. The goals of the HMP are: (1) to take advantage of new, high-throughput technologies to characterize the human microbiome more fully by studying samples from multiple body sites from(More)
A variety of microbial communities and their genes (the microbiome) exist throughout the human body, with fundamental roles in human health and disease. The National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded Human Microbiome Project Consortium has established a population-scale framework to develop metagenomic protocols, resulting in a broad range of(More)
The majority of the US population does not meet recommendations for consumption of milk, whole grains, fruit, and vegetables. The goal of our study was to understand barriers and facilitators to adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans for four nutrient-rich food groups in fifth-grade children and unrelated adult caregivers across six sites in a(More)
Neurites were prepared by a novel method from differentiating mouse neuroblastoma cells. When electrically differentiated cells were labeled metabolically with L-[3H]fucose or D-[3H]glucosamine, both the neurites and the surface membranes showed the presence of a glycoprotein of apparent Mr = 200,000. In contrast, the level of this glycoprotein was reduced(More)
High throughput sequencing has accelerated the determination of genome sequences for thousands of human infectious disease pathogens and dozens of their vectors. The scale and scope of these data are enabling genotype-phenotype association studies to identify genetic determinants of pathogen virulence and drug/insecticide resistance, and phylogenetic(More)
L-Fucose and D-galactose in low concentrations (0.27 or 2.7 mM) inhibited the induction of active Na+ channels in mouse and human neuroblastoma cells when the monosaccharides were added to the culture medium for 4 days with the inducing agent dimethyl sulfoxide. Active Na+ ionophores were determined by measurement of the toxin-stimulated efflux of 86Rb from(More)