Maria Wikén

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Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease associated with local epithelioid granulomas, CD4(+) T cells, and Th1 cytokines. The tissue Ags that drive this granulomatous inflammation are uncertain. In this study, we used IFN-gamma-ELISPOT assays and flow cytometry to assess lung and blood T cell responses to the candidate pathogenic Ag, Mycobacterium(More)
To investigate why human leukocyte-associated antigen-DRB1*0301 (HLA-DRB1*0301) positive Scandinavian patients have a better prognosis than HLA-DRB1*0301 negative patients, the present authors examined patterns of cytokine expression in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cells and BAL fluid (BALF) from patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis and controls. Using(More)
Psoriasis is a common and chronic inflammatory skin disease in which T cells play a key role. Effective treatment heals the skin without scarring, but typically psoriasis recurs in previously affected areas. A pathogenic memory within the skin has been proposed, but the nature of such site-specific disease memory is unknown. Tissue-resident memory T (TRM)(More)
Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disease of unknown etiology. However, an infectious cause has been proposed suggesting a role for pattern-recognition receptors, such as Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and nucleotide-binding domain, leucin-rich repeat containing family proteins (NLRs), in the pathogenesis. Our aim was to investigate whether differences in TLR2 and(More)
OBJECTIVES Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a potent neuronal growth factor with inflammatory properties that recently has been proposed to be of importance in airway pathology. A role for NGF in the inflammatory granulomatous lung disease sarcoidosis is not well elucidated. The aims of this study were to investigate the secreted levels of NGF in(More)
BACKGROUND Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous inflammatory disease, possibly of infectious aetiology. We aimed to investigate whether the degree of functional polarization of alveolar macrophages (AMs), or Toll-like receptor (TLR) expression, is associated with sarcoidosis or with distinct clinical manifestations of this disease. METHODS Total BAL cells(More)
Only a small population (25-30%) of human peripheral blood B lymphocytes expresses large sialoglycoprotein (LSGP) (CD43). However, in the presence of autologous T cells and pokeweed mitogen (PWM) a majority (50-90%) of the immunoglobulin-producing cells (cIg+ cells) that develop from these B cells express CD43 is detected with anti-CD43 monoclonal(More)
OBJECTIVES   Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disorder in which elevated numbers of activated T cells are found in the lung. HLA-DRB1*0301(pos) (DR3(pos) ) patients are characterized by good prognosis and an accumulation of lung CD4(pos) T cells expressing the T-cell receptor (TCR) gene segment AV2S3. Our aim was to phenotype lung and blood T-cell subsets in(More)
Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous disease of unknown aetiology, mainly affecting the lungs. Recently, T-cell responses towards a specific mycobacterial protein, catalase-peroxidase (mKatG), were observed in sarcoidosis patients. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid and peripheral blood were obtained from a total of 23 sarcoidosis patients, of whom 13 had(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (MoAb) to human leucocyte sialoglycoprotein, CD43, have been shown to deliver mitogenic signals to human T cells or to enhance T-cell proliferation induced by concanavalin A, anti-CD3 antibodies or phorbol ester. In this paper, we studied the effects of anti-CD43 MoAb B1B6 on the activation of human B cells. Anti-CD43 MoAb B1B6 was not(More)