Maria Vyazmensky

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The separately cloned large and small subunits of AHAS isozyme III from Escherichia coli have been isolated and purified. The essentially pure small subunit (17 kDa ilvH product) was obtained by a procedure exploiting its low solubility. The large, catalytic subunit (62 kDa ilvI product) was isolated by standard techniques, to > or = 95% purity. The large(More)
Acetohydroxyacid synthases (AHASs) are biosynthetic thiamin diphosphate- (ThDP) and FAD-dependent enzymes. They are homologous to pyruvate oxidase and other members of a family of ThDP-dependent enzymes which catalyze reactions in which the first step is decarboxylation of a 2-ketoacid. AHAS catalyzes the condensation of the 2-carbon moiety, derived from(More)
The enzyme acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS) catalyses the first common step in the biosynthesis of the three branched-chain amino acids. Enzymes in the AHAS family generally consist of regulatory and catalytic subunits. Here, we describe the first crystal structure of an AHAS regulatory subunit, the ilvH polypeptide, determined at a resolution of 1.75 A.(More)
We have found that acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS) is an efficient catalyst for the enantiospecific (> or =98% enantiomeric excess) synthesis of (R)-phenylacetylcarbinol (R-PAC) from pyruvate and benzaldehyde, despite the fact that its normal physiological role is synthesis of (S)-acetohydroxyacids from pyruvate and a second ketoacid.(More)
Five genes from the ilv-leu operon from Bacillus stearothermophilus have been sequenced. Acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS) and its subunits were separately cloned, purified, and characterized. This thermophilic enzyme resembles AHAS III of Escherichia coli, and regulatory subunits of AHAS III complement the catalytic subunit of the AHAS of B.(More)
Valine inhibition of acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS) plays an important role in regulation of biosynthesis of branched-chain amino acids in bacteria. Bacterial AHASs are composed of separate catalytic and regulatory subunits; while the catalytic subunits appear to be homologous with several other thiamin diphosphate-dependent enzymes, there has been no(More)
We have previously proposed a model for the fold of the N-terminal domain of the small, regulatory subunit (SSU) of acetohydroxyacid synthase isozyme III. The fold is an alpha-beta sandwich with betaalphabetabetaalphabeta topology, structurally homologous to the C-terminal regulatory domain of 3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase. We suggested that the(More)
AHAS I is an isozyme of acetohydroxyacid synthase which is apparently unique to enterobacteria. It has been known for over 20 years that it has many properties which are quite different from those of the other two enterobacterial AHASs isozymes, as well as from those of "typical" AHASs which are single enzymes in a given organism. These include a unique(More)
The thiamin diphosphate (ThDP)-dependent enzyme acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS) catalyzes the first common step in branched-chain amino acid biosynthesis. By specific ligation of pyruvate with the alternative acceptor substrates 2-ketobutyrate and pyruvate, AHAS controls the flux through this branch point and determines the relative rates of synthesis of(More)
The enzyme threonine deaminase (TD) is a key regulatory enzyme in the pathway for the biosynthesis of isoleucine. TD is inhibited by its end product, isoleucine, and this effect is countered by valine, the product of a competing biosynthetic pathway. Sequence and structure analyses have revealed that the protomers of many TDs have C-terminal regulatory(More)