Maria Vittoria Simonini

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The association of the histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor valproate (VPA) with atypical antipsychotics has become a frequent treatment strategy for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Because the VPA doses administered are elevated, one cannot assume that the benefits of the VPA plus antipsychotic treatment are exclusively related to the covalent(More)
Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) are emerging as a tool for understanding human brain development at cellular, molecular, and genomic levels. Here we show that hiPSCs grown in suspension in the presence of rostral neuralizing factors can generate 3D structures containing polarized radial glia, intermediate progenitors, and a spectrum of(More)
Reduction of prefrontal cortex glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD67) and reelin (mRNAs and proteins) expression is the most consistent finding reported by several studies of postmortem schizophrenia (SZ) brains. Converging evidence suggests that the reduced GAD67 and reelin expression in cortical GABAergic interneurons of SZ brains is the consequence of an(More)
The endogenous neurotransmitter noradrenaline (NA) is known to exert potent anti-inflammatory effects in glial cells, as well as provide neuroprotection against excitatory and inflammatory stimuli. These properties raise the possibility that increasing levels of NA in the central nervous system (CNS) could provide benefit in neurological diseases and(More)
Glial fibrillary acidic protein-positive (GFAP(+)) cells give rise to new neurons in the neurogenic niches; whether they are able to generate neurons in the cortical parenchyma is not known. Here, we use genetic fate mapping to examine the progeny of GFAP(+) cells after postnatal hypoxia, a model for the brain injury observed in premature children. After(More)
In EAE (experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis), agonists of PPARs (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors) provide clinical benefit and reduce damage. In contrast with PPARc, agonists of PPARd are more effective when given at later stages of EAE and increase myelin gene expression, suggesting effects on OL (oligodendrocyte) maturation. In the(More)
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