Maria Vittoria Enzo

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The therapeutic efficacy of systemic drug-delivery vehicles depends on their ability to evade the immune system, cross the biological barriers of the body and localize at target tissues. White blood cells of the immune system--known as leukocytes--possess all of these properties and exert their targeting ability through cellular membrane interactions. Here,(More)
Biallelic germline mutations in the MYH gene cause MYH-Associated Polyposis but patients with a single mutation possibly have an increased colorectal cancer (CRC) risk. Using DNA from consecutive CRC patients we carried out a case-control study, with the aim to contribute data on the Italian population. Genotyping of four MYH mutations found two biallelic(More)
UNLABELLED Tumour microsatellite instability (MSI) is useful in identifying patients with hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) with defective DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes. A reference Bethesda panel has limitations resulting from the inclusion of dinucleotide markers, which are less sensitive and specific for detection of tumours with MMR(More)
The circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) in plasma has been reported to be a marker of cancer detection. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the cfDNA has a role as response biomarker in patients receiving preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for rectal cancer. Sixty-seven patients (median age 61 years; male/female 42/25) who underwent CRT for(More)
PURPOSE We undertook the current study with untreated breast cancer to (1) role the variations in the plasma levels of cfDNA and the size distribution in early stage, (2) determine the frequency in plasma of methylation of three candidate genes, RASSF1A, MAL, and SFRP1, and (3) to determine whether detection of cfDNA variations and methylation changes in(More)
Circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) was found in increased amounts in cancer patients and tumor-associated molecular alteration can be detected in cancer patient's samples. For this reason, the cfDNA analysis is actually considered as a new concept of liquid biopsy. We evaluated the presence and integrity of plasma cfDNA by ALU-based qPCR and the methylation(More)
Preoperative chemoradiotherapy is worldwide accepted as a standard treatment for locally advanced rectal cancer. Current standard of treatment includes administration of ionizing radiation for 45-50.4 Gy in 25-28 fractions associated with 5-fluorouracil administration during radiation therapy. Unfortunately, 40% of patients have a poor or absent response(More)
PURPOSE In the latest years, high levels of circulating cell-free DNA (cf-DNA) have been found to be associated with cancer diagnosis and progression, and cf-DNA has become a potential candidate as biomarker for tumor detection. cf-DNA has been investigated in plasma or serum of many tumor patients affected by different malignancies, but not yet in thyroid(More)
11059 Background: Since the pathologic stage is the most powerful prognostic factor for colorectal cancer (CRC), there is a strong need of non-invasive methods for early detection. Cell-free circulating DNA (cfDNA) released from cancer cells varies in size. It has been suggested that cfDNA (ALU repeats of 115 bp, representative of total DNA; ALU repeats of(More)
The therapeutic efficacy of systemic drug delivery vehicles is limited by their ability to evade the mononuclear phagocyte system, preferentially localize to the target tissue, and negotiate past the endothelial barrier. In order to create a delivery vehicle capable of all these functions, we developed a biomimetic functionalization of synthetic particles(More)
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