Learn More
The occurrence of Arcobacter spp. was studied in seawater and plankton samples collected from the Straits of Messina, Italy, during an annual period of observation by using cultural and molecular techniques. A PCR assay with three pairs of primers targeting the 16S and 23S rRNA genes was used for detection and identification of Arcobacter butzleri,(More)
Vibrio vulnificus, a human and animal pathogen, is present in low numbers in the Mediterranean Sea. Seawater and plankton samples were collected from a marine coastal zone of the Straits of Messina in the Mediterranean Sea (Italy) in order to investigate V. vulnificus as free-living (>0.2 microm) and associated with small (>64 microm) and large plankton(More)
AIMS To determine the abundance of faecal and nonfaecal bacteria related to human and animal health, as free living or associated with small (>64 microm) and large (>200 microm) plankton, samples were collected monthly from the coastal zone at Messina (Italy). METHODS AND RESULTS Different enrichment and selective cultural methods were used to determine(More)
AIMS The occurrence of Helicobacter pylori in the coastal zone of the Straits of Messina (Italy) as free-living and associated with plankton was studied. METHODS AND RESULTS Monthly sampling of seawater and plankton was carried out from April 2002 to March, 2003. All environmental samples analysed by cultural method, did not show the presence of H.(More)
The aim of this work was to ascertain if diabetes and obesity can affect gastric colonization by Helicobacter pylori. 59 hospitalized subjects with dyspepsia and endoscopic antral gastritis were selected. They were divided into three groups: I) 13 patients with normal body weight and without disease other than gastritis (control group); II) 15 patients with(More)
We investigated the role of interleukin-10 (IL-10) in a neonatal mouse model of lethal group B streptococci (GBS) sepsis. Plasma IL-10 levels significantly increased at 24 and 48 h after GBS inoculation. Neutralization of IL-10 with specific antibodies had no effect on lethality. Administration of recombinant IL-10 at 20 or 4 h before challenge, but not at(More)
The local cytokine response to uropathogenic phenotype Escherichia coli KBC211 infection exhibits characteristics of both TH1 and TH2 profiles. Interleukin (IL)-6, MIP-2, IL-12, IL-18, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) are expressed, but IL-4, IL-5, and IL-10 are also present at low levels. This is clearly a complex response that should be(More)
Septic shock is a major cause of mortality in neonates. The hypothesis was tested that neonatal age is associated with altered sensitivity to shock-inducing bacterial products or proinflammatory cytokines (or both). Mice of different ages were inoculated with various doses of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), superantigenic staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB), or(More)
Arcobacter spp. were isolated from water and mussels of two brackish lakes near Messina (Italy). The isolates were phenotypically characterized on the basis of a large battery of cultural and biochemical tests. By comparison with the reference strains Arcobacter butzleri ATCC 49616 and A. cryaerophilus ATCC 43157 they may be considered Arcobacter(More)
Seventeen strains of Arcobacter butzleri and thirteen of Arcobacter cryaerophilus, were tested for their antimicrobial susceptibility to 26 antimicrobial agents. Among beta-lactams agents in this study, imipenem was the most active agent against both A. butzleri and A. cryaerophilus isolates with MIC(90) values of 2 and 4 mg/l, respectively. The most active(More)