Maria Vittoria Ambrosini

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In addition to modulatory roles concerning bodily functions, sleep is assumed to play a main processing role with regard to newly acquired neural information. Elaboration of memory traces acquired during the waking period is assumed to require two sequential steps taking place during slow wave sleep (SWS) and eventually during paradoxical sleep (PS). This(More)
The sequential hypothesis on sleep function assumes that the information gathered by brain during the waking period is processed during sleep in two main steps occurring during synchronized sleep (SS) and, eventually, during paradoxical sleep (PS). To verify the main consequences of the hypothesis, i.e., (1) that SS is involved in brain information(More)
Transient focal ischemia induced in rat brain by occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCAo) elicits a generalized induction of the 72 kDa heat-shock protein (hsp72) heralding functional recovery. As this effect implies activation of protein synthesis, and local systems of protein synthesis are present in brain synapses, and may be analyzed in(More)
Using electroencephalographic methods, rats learning or not learning a two-way active avoidance task were found to differ significantly in the structure of sleep determined the day before training. The main differences concerned (i) synchronized sleep episodes followed by wakefulness, which were longer and fewer in learning rats; (ii) paradoxical sleep(More)
During the last 30 years, paradoxical sleep (PS) has been generally considered as the only type of sleep involved in memory processing, mainly for the consistent increase of PS episodes in laboratory animals learning a relatively complex task, and for the retention deficits induced by post-training PS deprivation. The vicissitudes of this idea, examined in(More)
EEG methods were used to examine the structure of postacquisition sleep in learning (L) and nonlearning (NL) rats previously exposed to a session of two-way active avoidance training, and in control rats (C) left in their home cages. In agreement with literature data, the number and total amount of paradoxical sleep (PS) episodes were higher in L rats than(More)
Using electroencephalographic methods (EEG), we have analyzed the basal sleep structure and the EEG power spectra of gerbils and rats during periods of wakefulness (W), synchronized sleep (SS) and paradoxical sleep (PS). During the 6 hr light period examined, duration of sleep was similar for rats and gerbils, but gerbils showed fewer PS episodes and a(More)
Female adult rats were trained for a two-way active avoidance task (4 h), and allowed free sleep (3 h). Control rats (C) were left in their home cages during the acquisition period. Dural electrodes and an intraventricular cannula, implanted one week in advance, were used for EEG recording during the period of sleep and for the injection of [3H]thymidine at(More)
The possibility that the inducible 72-kDa heat shock protein (hsp72) is involved in learning-related plasticity mechanisms was investigated in two inbred strains of mice that show spontaneous differences in spatial learning performance as well as an opposite reactivity to stress. Induction of hsp72 after radial maze training was measured by immunoblotting(More)
The effect of a nitric oxide-donating aspirin derivative, 2-acetoxy-benzoate 3-(nitroxy-methyl)phenyl ester (NCX 4016), and aspirin on the aortic endothelium of diabetic rats was investigated by using scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Control and streptozotocin-treated rats were used. Metabolic control was assessed by measuring blood and urine(More)