Maria V. Fawaz

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[(11)C]N-Methyl lansoprazole ([(11)C]NML, 3) was synthesized and evaluated as a radiopharmaceutical for quantifying tau neurofibrillary tangle (NFT) burden using positron emission tomography (PET) imaging. [(11)C]NML was synthesized from commercially available lansoprazole in 4.6% radiochemical yield (noncorrected RCY, based upon [(11)C]MeI), 99%(More)
INTRODUCTION The dysfunction of glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) has been implicated in a number of diseases, including Alzheimer's disease. The ability to non-invasively quantify GSK-3β activity in vivo is therefore of critical importance, and this work is focused upon development of inhibitors of GSK-3β radiolabeled with carbon-11 to examine(More)
<lb>NOVEL INHIBITORS OF THE BACTERIAL DE NOVO PURINE<lb>BIOSYNTHESIS ENZYMES, N-CARBOXYAMINOIMIDAZOLE<lb>RIBONUCLEOTIDE SYNTHETASE AND MUTASE<lb>by<lb>MARIA V FAWAZ<lb>August 2012 Advisor: Dr. Steven M. Firestine<lb>Major: Pharmaceutical Sciences<lb>Degree: Master of Science<lb>Antibiotic resistance has seen a significant increase during the past decade.(More)
Abnormally aggregated tau is the hallmark pathology of tauopathy neurodegenerative disorders and is a target for development of both diagnostic tools and therapeutic strategies across the tauopathy disease spectrum. Development of carbon-11- or fluorine-18-labeled radiotracers with appropriate affinity and specificity for tau would allow noninvasive(More)
The ATP-grasp enzymes consist of a superfamily of 21 proteins that contain an atypical ATP-binding site, called the ATP-grasp fold. The ATP-grasp fold is comprised of two α+β domains that "grasp" a molecule of ATP between them and members of the family typically have an overall structural design containing three common conserved focal domains. The founding(More)
Synthetic high density lipoprotein nanoparticles (sHDLs) capable of mobilizing excess cholesterol from atherosclerotic arteries and delivering it to the liver for elimination have been shown to reduce plaque burden in patients. Unfortunately, sHDLs have a narrow therapeutic index and relative to the endogenous HDL shorter circulation half-life. Surface(More)
Interest in quantifying metal-Aβ species in vivo led to the synthesis and evaluation of [11C]L2-b and [18F]FL2-b as radiopharmaceuticals for studying the metallobiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD) using positron emission tomography (PET) imaging. [11C]L2-b was synthesized in 3.6% radiochemical yield (nondecay corrected, n = 3), >95% radiochemical purity,(More)
The principles of green chemistry have been applied to a radiochemistry setting. Eleven carbon-11 labeled radiopharmaceuticals have been prepared using ethanol as the only organic solvent throughout the entire manufacturing process. The removal of all other organic solvents from the process simplifies production and quality control (QC) testing, moving our(More)
INTRODUCTION To improve the synthesis and quality control of carbon-11 labeled radiopharmaceuticals, we report the fully automated loop syntheses of [¹¹C]raclopride and [¹¹C]DASB using ethanol as the only organic solvent for synthesis module cleaning, carbon-11 methylation, HPLC purification, and reformulation. METHODS Ethanolic loop chemistry is fully(More)
The receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (RAGE) is a 35 kDa transmembrane receptor that belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily of cell surface molecules. Its role in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is complex, but it is thought to mediate influx of circulating amyloid-β into the brain as well as amplify Aβ-induced pathogenic responses. RAGE is therefore(More)