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The human hepatoma line (Hep G2) has retained the activities of various phase I and phase II enzymes which play a crucial role in the activation/detoxification of genotoxic procarcinogens and reflect the metabolism of such compounds in vivo better than experimental models with metabolically incompetent cells and exogenous activation mixtures. In the last(More)
Synthetic musk compounds are widely used as fragrance ingredients in many consumer products. Little is known about their accumulation in humans and especially in older persons. In this study, we determined concentrations of 11 synthetic musks in women above fifty years and compared the results with earlier results from samples of young females. Blood was(More)
The Ru(III) complex salt KP1019 induced formation of H2O2 in colorectal tumor cells in a dose-dependent way. It also caused DNA-strand breaks if only weakly doubling tail length to 55.87+/-3.97 microm. Both effects were prevented by 5mM N-acetylcysteine (NAC) which also reduced cytotoxicity (IC(50) 55 vs 30 microM without NAC). Induction of apoptosis was(More)
The single-cell gel electrophoresis (or comet) assay has gained widespread acceptance as a cheap and simple genotoxicity test, but it requires a computer-assisted image-analysis system. As commercial programs are expensive and inflexible, we decided to develop an image-analysis system based on public domain programs and make it publicly available for the(More)
Green tea is the most widely consumed beverage. It has attained high reputation as a health-promoting dietary component ascribed to the antioxidant activity of (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), its main polyphenolic constituent. Evidence is increasing that tea constituents can be cell damaging and pro-oxidant themselves. These effects were suggested to(More)
Human Hep G2 cells have retained the activities of phase I and phase II enzymes which are involved in the metabolism of environmental genotoxins. The present study describes the results of single cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE) assays with a panel of different model compounds with these cells. With genotoxic carcinogens such as aflatoxin B(1) (AFB(1)),(More)
Triazoloacridone C-1305 is a novel inhibitor of DNA topoisomerase II, which exhibits potent antitumor activity toward solid tumors. In this study, antiproliferative action of C-1305 and its close analog C-1533 was investigated in nontransformed mouse fibroblasts and two mutant cell lines in which the PARP-1 gene was specifically disrupted. Unexpectedly,(More)
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a widespread mycotoxin that occurs in many commodities from grains to coffee beans all over the world. Evidence is accumulating that OTA may cause cancer in humans. The compound was tested in micronucleus (MN) and single-cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE) assays in human-derived hepatoma (HepG2) cells and caused pronounced dose-dependent(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the antimutagenic effects of chrysin (CR), a flavonoid compound contained in many fruits, vegetables and honey. Earlier investigations with bacterial indicators showed that CR is one of the most potent antimutagens among the flavonoids. In the present study, we tested the compound in the Salmonella strains(More)
Cytostatic agents are applied in cancer therapy and subsequently excreted into hospital wastewater. As these substances are known to be carcinogenic, mutagenic and toxic for reproduction, they should be removed from wastewater at their source of origin. In this study the fate and effects of the cancerostatic platinum compounds (CPC) cisplatin, carboplatin,(More)