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The single-cell gel electrophoresis (or comet) assay has gained widespread acceptance as a cheap and simple genotoxicity test, but it requires a computer-assisted image-analysis system. As commercial programs are expensive and inflexible, we decided to develop an image-analysis system based on public domain programs and make it publicly available for the(More)
The human hepatoma line (Hep G2) has retained the activities of various phase I and phase II enzymes which play a crucial role in the activation/detoxification of genotoxic procarcinogens and reflect the metabolism of such compounds in vivo better than experimental models with metabolically incompetent cells and exogenous activation mixtures. In the last(More)
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a widespread mycotoxin that occurs in many commodities from grains to coffee beans all over the world. Evidence is accumulating that OTA may cause cancer in humans. The compound was tested in micronucleus (MN) and single-cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE) assays in human-derived hepatoma (HepG2) cells and caused pronounced dose-dependent(More)
Triazoloacridone C-1305 is a novel inhibitor of DNA topoisomerase II, which exhibits potent antitumor activity toward solid tumors. In this study, antiproliferative action of C-1305 and its close analog C-1533 was investigated in nontransformed mouse fibroblasts and two mutant cell lines in which the PARP-1 gene was specifically disrupted. Unexpectedly,(More)
Synthetic musk compounds are widely used as fragrance ingredients in many consumer products. Little is known about their accumulation in humans and especially in older persons. In this study, we determined concentrations of 11 synthetic musks in women above fifty years and compared the results with earlier results from samples of young females. Blood was(More)
Quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs) are cationic surfactants that are widely used as disinfectants. In the present study, we tested two important representatives, namely, benzalkonium chloride (BAC) and dimethyldioctadecyl-ammonium bromide (DDAB) in four genotoxicity tests, namely, in the Salmonella/microsome assay with strains TA 98, TA 100 and TA 102, in(More)
Phthalates are a class of chemicals widely used as plasticisers in a multitude of common consumer products. Through contact with such products, people are regularly exposed to phthalates, which are suspected to contribute to adverse health effects, particularly in the reproductive system. In the present study, 14 urinary phthalate metabolites of 10 parent(More)
Aim of this study was the evaluation of the genotoxic activities of hospital wastewaters. Samples from an oncological ward of the general hospital of Vienna, Austria, were tested in the Salmonella/microsome assay in strains TA98, TA100 and TA1535 with or without metabolic activation, and in the single-cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE) assay with primary rat(More)
A number of animal studies indicate that coffee protects against chemical induction of cancer; also human studies suggest that coffee consumption is inversely related with the incidence of different forms of cancer. The protective effects were attributed to induction of glutathione-S-transferases (GSTs) and aim of the present human study was to find out if(More)
Green tea is the most widely consumed beverage. It has attained high reputation as a health-promoting dietary component ascribed to the antioxidant activity of (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), its main polyphenolic constituent. Evidence is increasing that tea constituents can be cell damaging and pro-oxidant themselves. These effects were suggested to(More)