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Cachexia has a devastating impact on survival and quality of life for many cancer patients. A better understanding of the underlying mechanisms leading to the complex metabolic defects of cachexia, coupled with effective treatment options, will improve management of wasting in cancer patients. The growing appreciation that cancer cachexia results from the(More)
Cancer cachexia is a highly debilitating paraneoplastic disease observed in more than 50% of patients with advanced cancers and directly contributes to 20% of cancer deaths. Loss of skeletal muscle is a defining characteristic of patients with cancer cachexia and is associated with poor survival. The present study reveals the involvement of a myogenic(More)
Medulloblastoma is the most common malignant brain tumor of childhood. Novel therapeutic strategies are urgently needed to overcome cytotoxic resistance. We hypothesized that antiapoptotic signals contribute to resistance and that treatment with proapoptotic agents could increase the efficacy of conventional therapies. A PCR array was used to assess the(More)
Cancer cachexia/anorexia is a complex syndrome that involves profound metabolic imbalances and is directly implicated as a cause of death in at least 20% to 30% of all cancers. Brown adipose tissue (BAT) plays a key role in thermogenesis and energy balance and potentially contributes to the physiologic perturbations associated with cachexia. In this study,(More)
Involuntary weight loss in patients with cancer is the hallmark of cancer cachexia. The etiology of cachexia is multifactorial involving loss of skeletal muscle and adipose tissue associated with high systemic levels of acute phase proteins and inflammatory cytokines. While muscle wasting overtly impacts on cancer patient quality of life, loss of lipid(More)
BACKGROUND Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG), or high-grade brainstem glioma (BSG), is one of the major causes of brain tumor-related deaths in children. Its prognosis has remained poor despite numerous efforts to improve survival. Panobinostat, a histone deacetylase inhibitor, is a targeted agent that has recently shown pre-clinical efficacy and(More)
Cancer cachexia contributes to poor prognosis through progressive depletion of the body's energy and protein reserves; research is revealing the impact of the quantitly of these reserves on survival. Our group has exploitated computed tomography (CT) images to study body composition in cancer patients. We argue that CT taken for the purposes of diagnosis(More)
Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is a highly aggressive pediatric brainstem tumor with a peak incidence in middle childhood and a median survival of less than 1 year. The dismal prognosis associated with DIPG has been exacerbated by the failure of over 250 clinical trials to meaningfully improve survival compared with radiotherapy, the current(More)
  • Maria Tsoli, Melissa Moore, +9 authors Graham Robertson
  • 2012
Cancer cachexia/anorexia is a complex syndrome that involves profound metabolic imbalances and is directly implicated as a cause of death in at least 20% to 30% of all cancers. Brown adipose tissue (BAT) plays a key role in thermogenesis and energy balance and potentially contributes to the physiologic perturbations associated with cachexia. In this study,(More)
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