Maria Tsivian

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OBJECTIVE Urinary fistulas and stenoses are the most common complications that may require surgical revision after kidney transplantation. The aim of this study was to retrospectively assess the incidence of and risk factors for early (within 30 days) or late major urological complications (stenoses and fistulas) after kidney transplantation. PATIENTS AND(More)
Few and controversial reports have recently appeared on the role of previously performed surgery in the inguinal region using a prosthetic mesh and the ensuing difficulties encountered by urologists during radical retropubic prostatectomy. We analyzed our experience with various surgical urological procedures performed after prior low abdominal wall hernia(More)
INTRODUCTION Since the ischemia and reperfusion injury is one of the main causes of delayed graft function after transplantation, research efforts have focused on studying the molecules involved in this inflammatory process. The chemokine interleukin-8 (IL-8) seems to be the main one responsible through a chemoattractive action toward neutropils. Therefore,(More)
INTRODUCTION Hyperoxygenation of the liver has been suggested to improve its regenerative capacity. Thus, this study sought to determine whether an additional supply of oxygenated blood delivered by portal vein arterialization (PVA) was protective against acute liver failure induced by hepatectomy. METHODS Sprague-Dawley rats (six per each group) were(More)
Intestinal bile acid absorption is mediated by a sodium-dependent transporter located in the brush border apical membrane of ileocytes. The transmembrane topology and the role of individual amino acid residues in the bile acid transport process have been investigated by means of various experimental approaches, leading to multiple hypotheses. We raised a(More)
We reviewed the literature reports and our personal experience on partial portal vein arterialization (PPVA) to prevent and treat acute liver failure (ALF) following major hepatobiliary surgery or another etiology. Experimental studies in rats have assessed the efficacy of PPVA in treatment of ALF induced by extended resections in normal or fatty livers or(More)
BACKGROUND Portal vein arterialization (PVA) has shown efficacy to treat acute liver failure (ALF) in preclinical studies. The next step is to perform large animal studies that propose a clinically acceptable method of PVA. In this study, we assessed the efficacy of PVA using an extracorporeal device to treat 2 ALF models in swine. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
AIM We sought to determine whether an additional supply of oxygenated blood achieved by partial portal vein arterialization (PPVA) was protective on normal or fatty liver (FL) in rats with acute liver failure (ALF) induced by hepatectomy. METHODS Sprague-Dawley rats with normal or FL were segregated either to receive or not to undergo PPVA after(More)
INTRODUCTION Despite the described advantages of hand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (HALDN), the learning curve risks discourage many transplant centers to switch from the traditional technique to the laparoscopic approach. Considering that the learning curve risk may be softened with practice on a training model the aim of this study was examine(More)
Survival rates of patients with acute liver failure (ALF) without transplantation are poor. However, many of them die awaiting a transplant because of the donor organ shortage. Supporting these patients until an organ becomes available or until their own liver is able to regenerate itself thus avoiding transplantation is a major goal in their(More)