Maria Tsamou

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One of the main challenges of toxicology is the accurate prediction of compound carcinogenicity. The default test model for assessing chemical carcinogenicity, the 2 year rodent cancer bioassay, is currently criticized because of its limited specificity. With increased societal attention and new legislation against animal testing, toxicologists urgently(More)
The lack of accurate in vitro assays for predicting in vivo toxicity of chemicals together with new legislations demanding replacement and reduction of animal testing has triggered the development of alternative methods. This study aimed at developing a transcriptomics-based in vitro prediction assay for in vivo genotoxicity. Transcriptomics changes induced(More)
The γH2AX assay has recently been suggested as a new in vitro assay for detecting genotoxic (GTX) properties of chemicals. This assay is based on the phosphorylation of H2AX histone in response to DNA damage [i.e. induction of double-strand breaks (DSBs)]. Quantification of γH2AX foci using flow cytometry can rapidly detect DNA damage induced by chemicals(More)
Particulate matter (PM) exposure during in utero life may entail adverse health outcomes in later-life. Air pollution's adverse effects are known to alter gene expression profiles, which can be regulated by microRNAs (miRNAs). We investigate the potential influence of air pollution exposure in prenatal life on placental miRNA expression. Within the(More)
BACKGROUND Particulate matter (PM) exposure leads to premature death, mainly due to respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. OBJECTIVES Identification of transcriptomic biomarkers of air pollution exposure and effect in a healthy adult population. METHODS Microarray analyses were performed in 98 healthy volunteers (48 men, 50 women). The expression of(More)
BACKGROUND Air pollution exposure during pregnancy has been associated with adverse birth outcomes and health problems later in life. We investigated sex-specific transcriptomic responses to gestational long- and short-term exposure to particulate matter with a diameter < 2.5 μm (PM2.5) in order to elucidate potential underlying mechanisms of action. (More)
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