Maria Tsamou

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The lack of accurate in vitro assays for predicting in vivo toxicity of chemicals together with new legislations demanding replacement and reduction of animal testing has triggered the development of alternative methods. This study aimed at developing a transcriptomics-based in vitro prediction assay for in vivo genotoxicity. Transcriptomics changes induced(More)
Particulate matter (PM) exposure during in utero life may entail adverse health outcomes in later-life. Air pollution's adverse effects are known to alter gene expression profiles, which can be regulated by microRNAs (miRNAs). We investigate the potential influence of air pollution exposure in prenatal life on placental miRNA expression. Within the(More)
One of the main challenges of toxicology is the accurate prediction of compound carcinogenicity. The default test model for assessing chemical carcinogenicity, the 2 year rodent cancer bioassay, is currently criticized because of its limited specificity. With increased societal attention and new legislation against animal testing, toxicologists urgently(More)
The γH2AX assay has recently been suggested as a new in vitro assay for detecting genotoxic (GTX) properties of chemicals. This assay is based on the phosphorylation of H2AX histone in response to DNA damage [i.e. induction of double-strand breaks (DSBs)]. Quantification of γH2AX foci using flow cytometry can rapidly detect DNA damage induced by chemicals(More)
BACKGROUND Particulate matter (PM) exposure leads to premature death, mainly due to respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. OBJECTIVES Identification of transcriptomic biomarkers of air pollution exposure and effect in a healthy adult population. METHODS Microarray analyses were performed in 98 healthy volunteers (48 men, 50 women). The expression of(More)
There is increasing evidence that the predisposition for development of chronic diseases arises at the earliest times of life. In this context, maternal pre-pregnancy weight might modify fetal metabolism and the child's predisposition to develop disease later in life. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between maternal pre-pregnancy(More)
Background and aims Particulate matter exposure during in utero life may entail adverse health outcomes later in life. Epidemiological studies in adults have linked air pollution’s adverse effects to alterations in gene expression profiles, which can be regulated by epigenetic mechanisms, including microRNAs (miRNAs). MiRNAs have been implicated in diverse(More)
BACKGROUND Due to their lack of repair capacity mitochondria are critical targets for environmental toxicants. We studied genes and pathways reflecting mitochondrial responses to short- and medium-term PM10 exposure. METHODS Whole genome gene expression was measured in peripheral blood of 98 adults (49% women). We performed linear regression analyses(More)
BACKGROUND Air pollution exposure during pregnancy has been associated with adverse birth outcomes and health problems later in life. We investigated sex-specific transcriptomic responses to gestational long- and short-term exposure to particulate matter with a diameter < 2.5 μm (PM2.5) in order to elucidate potential underlying mechanisms of action. (More)
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