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Embryonic development can be partially recapitulated in vitro by differentiating human embryonic stem cells (hESCs). Thalidomide is a developmental toxicant in vivo and acts in a species-dependent manner. Besides its therapeutic value, thalidomide also serves as a prototypical model to study teratogenecity. Although many in vivo and in vitro platforms have(More)
AIMS Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI) and tissue microarray (TMA) technologies were jointly utilized to search for molecular features associated with clinicopathological parameters in oesophageal cancer. METHODS AND RESULTS Two TMAs from formalin-fixed tissue samples, including 300 adenocarcinomas and 177(More)
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common leukemia in the Western world. Survival of CLL cells depends on their close contact with stromal cells in lymphatic tissues, bone marrow and blood. This microenvironmental regulation of CLL cell survival involves the stromal secretion of chemo- and cytokines as well as the expression of adhesion(More)
UNLABELLED The Australian Elapidae spotted black snake Pseudechis guttatus venom proteome composition was analyzed by high throughput mass spectrometry. The crude venom proteins were decomplexed by 2D-PAGE and in-gel digestion peptides from 66 spot samples and analyzed by tandem mass spectrometry-LC-ESI-ion trap. Protein identification was performed(More)
Myeloma patients may develop oligoclonal immunoglobulins, so-called abnormal protein bands (APB), after stem cell transplantation. APB do not correspond to the patient's paraprotein and confer a good prognosis. We set out to investigate whether such APB represent a humoral anti-myeloma immune response by screening immunoglobulins of 15 myeloma patients(More)
To identify molecular features associated with clinico-pathological parameters and TMPRSS2-ERG fusion status in prostate cancer, we employed MALDI mass spectrometric imaging (MSI) to a prostate cancer tissue microarray (TMA) containing formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues samples from 1,044 patients for which clinical follow-up data were available. MSI(More)
Snake venom peptidomes are valuable sources of pharmacologically active compounds. We analyzed the peptidic fractions (peptides with molecular masses < 10,000 Da) of venoms of Vipera ammodytes meridionalis (Viperinae), the most toxic snake in Europe, and Bothrops jararacussu (Crotalinae), an extremely poisonous snake of South America. Liquid(More)
Mannose 6-phosphate (Man6P) residues represent a recognition signal required for efficient receptor-dependent transport of soluble lysosomal proteins to lysosomes. Upon arrival, the proteins are rapidly dephosphorylated. We used mice deficient for the lysosomal acid phosphatase Acp2 or Acp5 or lacking both phosphatases (Acp2/Acp5(-/-)) to examine their role(More)
BACKGROUND In 2011 northern Germany experienced a large outbreak of Shiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli O104:H4. The large amount of samples sent to microbiology laboratories for epidemiological assessment highlighted the importance of fast and inexpensive typing procedures. We have therefore evaluated the applicability of a MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry based(More)
GlcNAc-1-phosphotransferase plays a key role in the generation of mannose 6-phosphate, a recognition marker essential for efficient transport of lysosomal hydrolases to lysosomes. The enzyme complex is composed of six subunits (α(2)β(2)γ(2)). The α- and β-subunits are catalytically active, whereas the function of the γ-subunit is still unclear. We have(More)