Maria Tome Pizarro

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The current genetic makeup of Latin America has been shaped by a history of extensive admixture between Africans, Europeans and Native Americans, a process taking place within the context of extensive geographic and social stratification. We estimated individual ancestry proportions in a sample of 7,342 subjects ascertained in five countries (Brazil, Chile,(More)
Here we report a genome-wide association study for non-pathological pinna morphology in over 5,000 Latin Americans. We find genome-wide significant association at seven genomic regions affecting: lobe size and attachment, folding of antihelix, helix rolling, ear protrusion and antitragus size (linear regression P values 2 × 10(-8) to 3 × 10(-14)). Four(More)
Replication-selective oncolytic adenoviruses have proven safety records with promising clinical outcomes. However, strategies to improve efficacy are still required. Here we report greatly improved antitumor efficacy for both attenuated (dl1520) and highly potent (dl922–947) oncolytic mutants in combination with the current standard of care for late-stage(More)
From August 60 to December 90, 103 male newborns with hypospadias were diagnosed among 124 588 consecutive newborns examined (8.3 per 10,000). Mortality among them was 1.94%. The annual incidence rate increased significantly over the study period (p < 0.001. Hypospadias was an isolated finding in 92% of cases, and its was associated to other non genital(More)
During the period 1982-1986 there were 168 stillbirths out of 20,669 consecutive deliveries (0.81%) at the University of Chile's Clinical Hospital. The incidence of congenital malformation was 6.26% in the liveborn population and 14.29% in the stillborns. There was a significant statistical difference between these two groups of malformed newborns regarding(More)
This work analyzes the mother-son segregation of MN blood group in malformed and normal newborns. MN blood group was measured in 90 malformed, 70 paired normal newborns and their respective mothers, at the Maternity of the University of Chile Clinical Hospital. The expected values for the different mother-child pairs were calculated according to the ITO(More)
We studied 131,899 consecutive births at the Maternity of the University of Chile Clinical Hospital, finding 4887 newborns with congenital malformations (representing a rate of 37.05 per 1000 alive newborns). Between January 1982 and December 1992 there were 41,344 births and 295 stillbirths (0.7%). Among the latter, 41 were malformed (13.9%). A graphic(More)
During the period Jan 1978 to Dec 1988, 41,867 deliveries took place at the University of Chile Hospital. Among them, 148 babies were found to have malformations of the central nervous system, an incidence of 3.6 per 1000 live births. A longitudinal study from 1969 to 1988 suggests a yearly increment of 0.1% in the incidence rate of these malformations. The(More)
At present, congenital malformations contribute more to infant mortality, given the significant decrease in overall infant mortality rate observed in Chile. A significant and steady increase in the prevalence of congenital malformations was demonstrated at the Clinical Hospital, University of Chile, from 1969 to 1986. Better epidemiologic surveillance is(More)
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