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Variations in bladder position, shape and volume cause uncertainties in the doses delivered to this organ during a course of radiotherapy for pelvic tumors. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential of dose accumulation based on repeat imaging and deformable image registration (DIR) to improve the accuracy of bladder dose assessment. For each(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Deformable image registration (DIR) is a key component of image-guided and adaptive strategies in radiotherapy. DIR based on image intensities alone is promising for online applications, but is challenged in regions with low intensity gradients. In this study we have investigated the performance of intensity- based DIR applied to(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Daily organ motion occurring during the course of radiotherapy in the pelvic region leads to uncertainties in the doses delivered to the tumour and the organs at risk. Motion patterns include both volume and shape changes, calling for deformable image registration (DIR), in approaches involving dose accumulation and adaptation. In(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In radiotherapy (RT) of prostate cancer the key organs at risk (ORs) - the rectum and the bladder - display considerable motion, which may influence the dose/volume parameters predicting for morbidity. In this study we compare motion-inclusive doses to planned doses for the rectum and bladder and explore their associations with(More)
When pooling retrospective data from different cohorts, slice thicknesses of acquired computed tomography (CT) images used for treatment planning may vary between cohorts. It is, however, not known if varying slice thickness influences derived dose-response relationships. We investigated this for rectal bleeding using dose-volume histograms (DVHs) of the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Radiotherapy (RT) induced genitourinary (GU) morbidity is typically assessed by physicians as single symptoms or aggregated scores including symptoms from various domains. Here we apply a method to group patient-reported GU symptoms after RT for localized prostate cancer based on their interplay, and study how these relate to urinary(More)
Previous methods to estimate the inherent accuracy of deformable image registration (DIR) have typically been performed relative to a known ground truth, such as tracking of anatomic landmarks or known deformations in a physical or virtual phantom. In this study, we propose a new approach to estimate the spatial geometric uncertainty of DIR using(More)
BACKGROUND Gastrointestinal (GI) morbidity after radiotherapy (RT) for prostate cancer is typically addressed by studying specific single symptoms. The aim of this study was to explore the interplay between domains of patient- reported outcomes (PROs) on GI morbidity, and to what extent these are explained by RT dose to the GI tract. MATERIAL AND METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of gantry angle optimisation (GAO) compared to equidistant beam geometry for two inverse treatment planning systems (TPSs) by utilising the information obtained from a range of treatment plans. MATERIAL AND METHODS The comparison was based on treatment plans generated for(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The rectum is a major dose-limiting organ at risk (OR) in radiotherapy (RT) of prostate cancer. Methods to predict adverse effects in the rectum are therefore important but their precision often limited, not the least by the internal motion of this organ. In this study late rectal morbidity is investigated in relation to the internal(More)