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We investigated whether nicotine exposure in vitro of mouse oocytes affects spindle and chromosome function during meiotic maturation (M-I and M-II). Oocytes in germinal vesicle (GV) stage were cultured in nicotine for 8 h or for 16 h, to assess effects in M-I and in metaphase II (M-II). The latter culture setting used the three protocols: 8 h nicotine then(More)
We investigated whether cigarette smoking, measured by follicular fluid concentrations of cotinine (a major metabolite of nicotine), affects the maturity of oocytes from women undergoing in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and embryo transfer. In 234 women, follicular fluid samples were assessed for cotinine and their 2020 oocytes were assessed for maturity stage.(More)
Many spontaneous abortions are associated with chromosomal abnormality of the fetus. In in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) the chromosome status of untransferred ("spare") embryos and subsequent fate (pregnancy or not) of the transferred sibling embryos might be related. Since the spare and transferred embryos of a patient's cycle genetically are full siblings,(More)
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