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The majority of thyroid carcinomas maintain the expression of the cell growth suppressor p27, an inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinase-2 (Cdk2). However, we find that 80% of p27-expressing tumors show an uncommon cytoplasmic localization of p27 protein, associated with high Cdk2 activity. To reproduce such a situation, a mutant p27 devoid of its(More)
Increased expression of Bcl-xL in cancer has been shown to confer resistance to a broad range of apoptotic stimuli and to modulate a number of other aspects of cellular physiology, including energy metabolism, cell cycle, autophagy, mitochondrial fission/fusion and cellular adhesion. However, only few of these activities have a mechanistic explanation. Here(More)
The beta-thymosins comprise a family of structurally related, highly conserved acidic polypeptides, originally isolated from calf thymus. Recently, we have demonstrated the overexpression of thymosin beta-10 (TB10) in rat thyroid transformed cell lines and in human thyroid carcinoma tissues and cell lines. To verify whether TB10 overexpression is a general(More)
Hexamethylen-bisacetamide (HMBA) represents the prototype of a group of hybrid polar compounds, which induce differentiation in a variety of transformed cells including human embryonal carcinoma cells. Therefore, HMBA has been used in the differentiation therapy of cancer for patients with both hematological and solid malignancies. Upon HMBA treatment, the(More)
Urokinase (uPA) is a 411 residues serine protease originally identified for its ability to activate plasminogen and generate plasmin, a broad-spectrum matrix- and fibrin-degrading enzyme. Later, this protease has been shown to possess also a clear-cut ability to stimulate cell migration and survival in a catalytic-independent manner. This activity turned(More)
HMGI(Y) proteins are overexpressed in experimental and human malignancies, including colon, prostate and thyroid carcinomas. To determine at which step of the carcinogenic process HMGI(Y) induction occurs, we analysed the expression of the HMGI(Y) proteins in hyperplastic, preneoplastic and neoplastic tissues of colorectal origin by immunohistochemistry.(More)
The success of tyrosine kinase inhibitors in cancer therapy prompted intensive research efforts addressed to the development of new specific diagnostics and therapeutics. Targeting large transmembrane molecules, including receptor tyrosine kinases, is a major pharmacologic challenge. The D4 RNA-aptamer, isolated applying the Systematic Evolution of Ligand(More)
We have recently reported the isolation of a rat cDNA encoding a receptor-type tyrosine phosphatase, which appears to be a marker of thyroid differentiation. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying r-PTPeta expression in normal thyroid cells both in vitro and in vivo, we investigated the regulation of r-PTPeta expression in cultured thyrocytes (the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the expression of thymosin beta10 - a small conserved acidic protein involved in the inhibition of actin polymerization - in human and experimental thyroid goiters as well as the regulation exerted by TSH on thymosin beta10 expression in thyroid follicular cells both in vivo and in vitro. DESIGN To this aim, we have used 5 bioptic(More)
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